Zonal Miller (Lactarius zonarius)
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Incertae sedis (undefined)
- Order: Russulales
- Family: Russulaceae (Russula)
- Genus: Lactarius (Miller)
- Species: Lactarius zonarius (Zonal Miller)
The zonal milky is a member of the russula family.
It grows almost everywhere, preferring more deciduous forests (oak, beech). It is a mycorrhizal forming agent (birch, oak). Grows both singly and in small groups.
Season: late July to September.
Fruiting bodies are represented by a cap and a leg.
The hat is up to 10 centimeters in size, very fleshy, initially funnel-shaped, then becomes straight, flat, with a raised edge. The edge is sharp and smooth.
The surface of the cap is dry; it becomes sticky and damp in rain. Coloration: creamy, ocher; young mushrooms may have small areas that disappear in mature specimens.
The stem is cylindrical, central, very dense, solid, hollow inside. The color ranges from white and cream to ocher. If the season is rainy, then there may be spots or a small, but pronounced, reddish bloom on the leg. The zonal milky is a lamellar mushroom. The plates are descending, narrow, can change color depending on the weather conditions: in the dry season – creamy, whitish, in the rainy season – brown, ocher.
The pulp is firm, dense, the color is white, the taste is sharp, burning, secreting milky juice. On the cut, the juice does not change color, remains white.
The zonal miller is a conditionally edible mushroom, but when cooking, soaking is required (so that the bitterness goes away).
It is often confused with pine mushroom, but the milkman has a number of characteristic features: – light color of the cap; – the cut does not change color in the air (in the saffron milk cap it becomes greenish); – the taste of the pulp is burning, spicy; – the milky juice is always white.
Photo of the mushroom Mlechnik zonal from the issues in recognition:
2019.07.24 Erik Lenartovich 2018.07.24 Marina