Willow roach (Pluteus salicinus)
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Pluteaceae
- Genus: Pluteus (Plutey)
- Species: Pluteus salicinus (Willow)
The willow rogue;
- Rhodosporus salicinus;
- Pluteus petasatus.
Willow wicker (Pluteus salicinus) is a mushroom belonging to the Plyutey genus and the Pluteyev family. Scientist-mycologist Vasser describes this type of mushroom as an edible, but poorly studied species. A few years later, the same author describes this mushroom as related to the American specimen, and characterizes the willow roach as hallucinogenic. In its composition, several substances were found that provoke the development of hallucinations, including psilocybin.
The fruit body of the willow spit is hat-peg. Its pulp is fragile, thin, watery, characterized by a whitish-gray or white color, in the area of the leg from the inside, it is loose, when it breaks it becomes slightly greenish. The aroma and taste can be inexpressive or rather weak and rare.
The hat is 2 to 5 cm in diameter (sometimes 8 cm), initially it has a conical or convex shape. In mature fruiting bodies, it becomes flat-spread or flat-convex. In the central part of the cap, a thin-scaly, wide and low tubercle is often noticeable. The surface of the mushroom cap of the willow spit is shiny, radially fibrous, and the fibers are somewhat darker in color than the main shade. The color of the cap of the described mushroom can be grayish-green, brownish-gray, gray-bluish, brown or ash gray. The edges of the cap are often sharp and striped at high humidity levels.
The length of the stem of the fungus varies in the range from 3 to 5 (sometimes 10) cm, and in diameter usually ranges from 0.3 to 1 cm. In shape, it is often cylindrical, longitudinally fibrous, may be slightly thickened near the base. In structure, the leg is even, only occasionally it is curved, with fragile pulp. It is white in color, with a shiny surface; in some fruit bodies it can have a grayish, olive, bluish or greenish tint. On old fruiting bodies, bluish or gray-green spots are often noticeable. The same marks appear with strong pressure on the mushroom pulp.
Fungal hymenophore – lamellar, consists of small, often spaced plates, which are initially cream or white in color. Ripe spores turn pinkish or pinkish brown. They are broadly ellipsoidal in shape, smooth in texture.
Season and habitat of the fungus
Active fruiting of willow spitters occurs from June to October (and when growing in warm climatic conditions, the mushroom bears fruit from early spring to late autumn). The described species of fungi grows mainly in mixed and deciduous forests, prefers humid areas and belongs to the saprotroph category. Often found alone. Rarely, willow creepers can be seen in small groups (several fruiting bodies in a row). The fungus grows on fallen leaves of trees, near roots, willow, alder, birch, beech, linden and poplars. Sometimes the willow stick can also be seen on the wood of conifers (including pine or spruce). Willow roach was widely used in Europe, North America, Asia and North Africa. You can also see this type of mushroom in the Caucasus, Eastern Siberia, Kazakhstan, in Russia (European part), in the Far East.
Willow whip (Pluteus salicinus) is an edible mushroom, but its small size, weak, inexpressive taste and rare detection make it impossible to collect this species and use it for food.
Similar types and differences from them
The ecology and morphological features of willow spit allow even an inexperienced mushroom picker to distinguish this species from other fungi of the described genus. On its stalk, bluish or greenish-gray spots of large size are clearly visible. In mature fruit bodies, the color takes on a bluish or greenish tint. But all these signs can be more or less pronounced, depending on the place of growth of the fruiting bodies of willow spit. True, sometimes smaller specimens of deer spit, which have a light color, are associated with this mushroom. On microscopic examination, both specimens can be easily distinguished from each other. Buckles are absent on the mycelium of a deer spit similar to the described species. In addition, willow spits differ from deer spits by the possibility of visible color changes, and also by a darker shade of the cap.
Other information about the mushroom
The generic name of the mushroom – Pluteus comes from the Latin word literally translated as 'shield of siege'. The additional epithet salicinus also comes from the Latin word, and means 'willow'.