Volvariella mucous head

Volvariella mucous head (Volvariella gloiocephala) Volvariella mucous head (Volvariella gloiocephala) Volvariella mucous head (Volvariella gloiocephala)

Volvariella mucous head (Volvariella gloiocephala)

Systematics:

  • Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
  • Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
  • Family: Pluteaceae
  • Genus: Volvariella (Volvariella)
  • Species: Volvariella gloiocephala (Volvariella mucous head)
    Other names for the mushroom:
  • Volvariella mucosa
  • Volvariella is beautiful
  • Volvariella viscous hat

Synonyms:

  • Volvariella mucosa

  • Volvariella is beautiful

  • Volvariella viscous hat

  • Volvariella is beautiful

Volvariella mucous head (Volvariella gloiocephala)

This mushroom belongs to the genus Volvariella, the Pluteaceae family.

It is often also called mucous volvariella, fine volvariella or viscous cap volvarielle.

Some sources distinguish two types of forms of this fungus: light-colored forms – Volvariella speciosa and darker – Volvariella gloiocephala.

Volvariella mucous head is a low-value edible or conditionally edible mushroom of average quality. It is used in food almost fresh, after only 15 minutes of boiling.

This mushroom is the largest of all the soil-living species of the genus Volvariella.

The cap of this mushroom has a diameter of 5 to 15 cm. It is smooth, whitish, less often it is grayish-whitish or grayish-brown in color. In the middle, the cap is darker than at the edges, gray-brown in color. In younger mushrooms, the cap has an ovoid shape, enclosed in a common shell called a volva. Later, when the mushroom grows, the cap becomes bell-shaped, with a lowered edge. Then the hat turns out completely, becomes convex-outstretched, having a wide obtuse tubercle in the center. In wet or rainy weather, the cap of the mushroom is slimy, sticky, and in dry weather, on the contrary, it is silky and shiny.

The flesh of volvariella is white, thin and friable, and, if cut off, it does not change its color.

The taste and smell of the mushroom are inexpressive.

The plates are 8 to 12 mm wide, rather wide and frequent, and they are free at the stem, and have a rounded shape at the edge. The color of the plates is white; as the spores mature, it acquires a pinkish tint, and later they become completely brownish-pink.

The stem of the fungus is thin and long, its length varies from 5 to 20 cm, and its thickness can be from 1 to 2.5 cm. The shape of the stem is cylindrical, solid, and somewhat tuberous thickened at the base. It ranges in color from white to gray-yellow. In younger mushrooms, the leg is felt, later it becomes smooth.

The mushroom does not have a ring, but the Volvo is free, has a bag-like shape and is often pressed against the leg. It is thin, has a whitish or grayish tint.

Spore powder pink, the shape of the spores is short-ellipsoidal. Spores are smooth and light pink in color.

It occurs from the beginning of July to the end of September, mainly on disturbed humus soils, for example, on stubble, garbage, manure and compost heaps, as well as on garden beds, landfills, in the bases of haystacks. This mushroom is rarely found in the forest. The mushrooms themselves appear singly or are found in small groups.

This mushroom is similar to such a conditionally edible mushroom as a gray float, as well as poisonous fly agarics, which are white. It differs from the float by the presence of a smooth and silky leg, and also has a sticky grayish cap with pinkish plates. It can be distinguished from poisonous fly agaric by its pinkish hymenophore and the absence of a ring on the leg.

Photo of the fungus Volvariella mucoushead from the recognition questions:

Volvariella gloiocephala - Volvariella mucous head Volvariella gloiocephala - Volvariella mucous head Volvariella gloiocephala - Volvariella mucous head Volvariella gloiocephala - Volvariella mucous head Volvariella gloiocephala - Volvariella mucous head Volvariella gloiocephala - Volvariella mucous head Volvariella gloiocephala - Volvariella mucous head 2019.05.01 Dmitry Volvariella gloiocephala - Volvariella mucous head Volvariella gloiocephala - Volvariella mucous head Volvariella gloiocephala - Volvariella mucous head Volvariella gloiocephala - Volvariella mucous head Volvariella gloiocephala - Volvariella mucous head 2017.07.30 Francisco

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Hunting, Fishing and Mushrooms: a magazine for hunters and fishers.
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