Umber roast (Pluteus umbrosus)
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Pluteaceae
- Genus: Pluteus (Plutey)
- Species: Pluteus umbrosus
Hat: very thick and fleshy cap reaches ten cm in diameter. The cap is thinner at the edges. At first, the cap has a semicircular, flat-convex or outstretched shape. In the central part there is a low tubercle. The surface of the cap is whitish or dark brown. The surface of the cap is covered with a felt, radial or mesh pattern with granular ribs. At the edges, the cap has a grayish-nut color. The hairs at the edges form a scalloped fringe.
Plates: wide, frequent, not adherent, whitish. With age, the plates become pinkish, brown at the edges.
Spores: ellipsoidal, oval, pinkish, smooth. Spore powder: pinkish.
Leg: cylindrical stem, centered on the head. The leg thickens towards the base. Inside the leg is solid, rather dense. The surface of the leg is brownish or off-white in color. The stem is covered with longitudinal dark fibers with granular brownish small scales.
Flesh: under the skin the flesh is light brown. Has a bitter taste and a pungent radish smell. When cut, the pulp retains its original color.
Edible: Umber, edible, but completely tasteless mushroom. Like all mushrooms of the Spine genus, the umber is a real challenge to the culinary skills of the mushroom lover.
Similarity: The umber clown is quite easy to identify by the characteristic surface of the cap and by the mesh pattern on it. In addition, the place of growth of the fungus allows you to cut off its false analogues. True, this fungus can also grow in wood immersed in the soil, which slightly complicates its identification. But, a brownish hat with hairs and radial stripes, as well as dense and short, as for Spit, the leg will leave all doubts behind. For example, Spit Deer has no mesh pattern on the cap, and the edges of the plates have a different color. Dark-Edge Plyutey (Pluteus atromarginatus), as a rule, grows in coniferous forests.
Distribution: Umber beetle occurs from July to September. At the end of August, it is more common. Grows in mixed and deciduous forests. Prefers rotting branches, tree stumps and wood submerged in the soil. Grows in small groups or singly.
Notes: If we consider the mushroom subjectively, then this is the largest and most solid Plyutey of all its varieties. Its main difference from other species is that it does not seem overgrown. At the same time, Umber Plyutey is much less common than Deer Plyutey, probably for this reason it is considered more significant.
Photo of the mushroom Plutey umber from the questions in recognition:
2018.10.05 Marina 2016.11.19 Irina 2016.11.30 Igor