The most beautiful climacodon

The most beautiful climacodon (Climacodon pulcherrimus)

Systematics:

  • Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Subclass: Incertae sedis (undefined)
  • Order: Polyporales
  • Family: Phanerochaetaceae (Phanerochaetaceae)
  • Genus: Climacodon (climacodon)
  • Species: Climacodon pulcherrimus (Beautiful climacodon)

Synonyms:

  • Hydnum pulcherrimum

  • Hydnum gilvum
  • Hydnum uleanum
  • Steccherinum pulcherrimum
  • Hydnum kauffmani
  • Creolophus pulcherrimus
  • Hydnum australe
  • Dryodon pulcherrimum
  • Donkia pulcherrima

The most beautiful climacodon (Climacodon pulcherrimus)

Description

The hat is 4 to 11 cm across; from plano-convex to flat; semicircular or fan-shaped.

The most beautiful climacodon (Climacodon pulcherrimus)

The surface is dry, matt velvety to woolly; white, brownish or with a slight orange tinge, turning pink or red from KOH.

The most beautiful climacodon (Climacodon pulcherrimus)

The hymenophore is thorny. Spines up to 8 mm long, often located, whitish or with a slight orange tint in fresh mushrooms, often darkening to reddish-brown (especially when dry), often sticking together with age.

The most beautiful climacodon (Climacodon pulcherrimus)

The leg is missing.

The pulp is white, the color on the cut does not change, from KOH it turns pink or red, somewhat fibrous consistency.

The taste and smell are inexpressive.

Spore powder is white.

Spores 4-6 x 1.5-3 µ, ellipsoidal, smooth, non-amyloid. Cystyds are absent. The hyphae system is monomitic. Cuticle hyphae and trams often with 1-4 buckles at septa.

Ecology

Saprophyte, inhabits dry and long-leaved broadleaf (and sometimes coniferous) species. Causes white rot. It grows both singly and in groups. Widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions, rare in the temperate zone.

Similar species

  • A related species, the northern climacodon (Climacodon septentrionalis) forms much more numerous and closely spaced groups of fruit bodies.
  • Antennaeus (Creolophus Cirrhatus) is distinguished by thinner fruiting bodies having a complex irregular shape (several fruiting bodies grow together and form a rather bizarre structure, sometimes similar to a flower), and a hymenophore, consisting of long soft hanging spines. In addition, the surface of the caps of the barbel's mane is also covered with soft appressed spines.
  • In Hericium erinaceus, the spines of the hymenophore are up to 5 centimeters long.
  • The coral hedgehog (Hericium coralloides) has branched fruit bodies, similar to corals (hence its name).

Photo: Julia

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Hunting, Fishing and Mushrooms: a magazine for hunters and fishers.
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