Giant line (Gyromitra gigas)
- Department: Ascomycota (Ascomycetes)
- Subdivision: Pezizomycotina (Pesizomycotins)
- Class: Pezizomycetes (Pecicomycetes)
- Subclass: Pezizomycetidae (Pecicomycetes)
- Order: Pezizales
- Family: Discinaceae
- Genus: Gyromitra (line)
- Type: Gyromitra gigas (Giant line)
The line is gigantic
Giant stitching (lat.Gyromitra gigas) is a species of marsupial mushroom of the genus Strochka (Gyromitra), which is often confused with edible morels (Morchella spp.). In raw form, all the lines are deadly poisonous, although there is an opinion that the giant lines are less poisonous than other species of the Strochkov genus. It is widely believed that the lines can be eaten after cooking, however, gyromitrin is not completely destroyed even with prolonged boiling, therefore, in many countries, the lines are classified as definitely poisonous mushrooms. In the USA it is known as snow morel, snow false morel, calf brain and bull nose.
The cap is a line of a giant: Shapeless, wavy-folded, adherent to the stem, in youth it is chocolate-brown, then, as the spores mature, it gradually turns into ocher. The width of the cap is 7-12 cm, although quite gigantic specimens with a cap span of up to 30 cm are often found.
Giant leg stitch: Short, 3-6 cm high, white, hollow, wide. It is often not visible behind the hat.
Distribution: Giant line grows from mid-April to mid-or late May in birch forests or forests with an admixture of birch. Prefers sandy soil, in good years and in good places occurs in large groups.
Similar species: Common line (Gyromitra esculenta) grows in pine forests, its size is smaller and its color is darker.
Edible: Incomprehensible. In all Western literature, the lines are notoriously poisonous: the defenseless bunnies running past fall dead, unable to resist the poisonous fumes of the line. There is no unity among our authors. But all more or less agree that the giant line is relatively less poisonous than the ordinary one (Gyromitra esculenta). The end consumer has decided everything for himself long ago: in the markets, giant and ordinary lines are sold under the guise of morels.
Video about a mushroom Giant lines:
Remarks Initially, little connected me with the line and the morel. And as I saw, it became uninteresting. Some kind of fake mushroom. Illusory. And he has some kind of imaginary poisonousness. Helvelic acid, which the Enlightenment publishing house scared several generations of our mushroom pickers, no longer exists. They look for some other poison, find and refute what they have found. It's not serious somehow.
However, every mushroom is valuable in spring. This means that each new instance is capable of evoking at least some emotions. So, a long and lengthy search in early May 2002 led to the finding of three copies of the giant line. The points of location, equidistant from each other, were the vertices of a triangle with a side of about two kilometers. This is the question of accuracy. The following years have passed, one might say, in vain: it was only in the spring of 2005 that one neat specimen of Gyromitra gigas was found on a forest road, very close to the anthill.
Photo of a mushroom A giant line of recognition questions:
2016.12.26 2016.02.10 Victor 2019.05.06 Tatiana 2019.04.18 Dmitry 2019.04.13 Valdemar 2019.04.13 Oleg Svintsov