- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae
- Order: Boletales
- Family: Tapinellaceae (Tapinella)
- Genus: Tapinella (Tapinella)
- Species: Tapinella panuoides (Tapinella panusoidnaya)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Ear-shaped pig
- Paxil panusoid
- Mine mushroom
- Pig underground
- Burial mushroom
The pig is ear-shaped;
- Paxil panusoid;
- Mine mushroom;
- The pig is underground;
- Burial mushroom;
- Serpula panuoides;
Tapinella panuoides (Tapinella panuoides) is a lamellar mushroom widespread in Kazakhstan and Russia.
Tapinella panus-shaped is a fruiting body, consisting of a wide cap and a small, spreading out in the width of the leg. Most mushrooms of this type have almost no stem.
If the panus-shaped tapinella has a leg-shaped base, then it is characterized by a high density, rubbery, dark brown or brownish in color, and velvety to the touch.
The tissues of the fungus are fleshy, have a thickness of 0.5-7 mm, a light brown or yellow-cream shade, when dried, the pulp becomes spongy.
The diameter of the mushroom cap varies from 2 to 12 cm, is fan-shaped, and sometimes shell-shaped. The edge of the cap is often wavy, uneven, and serrated. In young fruit bodies, the surface of the cap is velvety to the touch, but in mature mushrooms it becomes smooth. The cap color of the panus-shaped tapinella varies from yellow-brown to light ocher.
The fungal hymenophore is represented by a lamellar type, while the plates at the fruiting body are narrow, located very close to each other, blown out near the base. The color of the plates is cream, orange-brown or yellow-brown. If you press on the plates with your fingers, it will not change its shade.
In young fruit bodies, the pulp is characterized by great rigidity, however, as it ripens, it becomes more sluggish, has a thickness of no more than 1 cm.On the cut, the pulp of the mushroom often becomes darker, and in the absence of mechanical action it has a dirty yellow or whitish color. The mushroom pulp has no taste, but it has a coniferous or resinous aroma.
The spores of the fungus are 4-63-4 microns in size, smooth to the touch, wide and oval in appearance, brown-ocher in color. The spore powder has a yellow-brown or yellow color.
Season and habitat of the mushroom
Tapinella panuoides belongs to the category of saprobic mushrooms that bear fruit from mid-summer to the very end of autumn. Fruit bodies are found both singly and in groups. This type of mushroom prefers to grow on coniferous litter or dead coniferous wood. The fungus is widespread, often settles on the surface of old wooden buildings, provoking their decay.
Panus tapinella is a slightly poisonous fungus. The presence of toxins in it is due to the presence of special substances in the composition of the fruit bodies – lectins. It is these substances that cause red blood cells (red blood cells, the main components of blood) to clump together.
Similar types and differences from them
The appearance of the panus-shaped tapinella does not stand out too much against the background of other fungi of this genus. This mushroom is often confused with other types of lamellar mushrooms. Among the most famous varieties similar to the panus-shaped tapinella are Crepidotus mollis, Phyllotopsis nidulans, Lentinellus ursinus. For example, Phyllotopsis nidulans, in comparison with panusovid tapinella, prefers to grow on deciduous wood, has a rich orange cap. At the same time, the cap of this mushroom has even (and not serrated and wavy, as in the panus-shaped tapinella) edges. Phyllotopsis nidulans has an unpleasant pulp aroma. The Crepidotus mollis fungus grows in groups, mainly on deciduous trees. Its distinctive features are less wrinkled plates, a cap of a light ocher hue (compared to tapinella panusoid, it is not so bright). The color of the fungus Lentinellus ursinus is pale brown, its cap is the same in shape as that of the panus-shaped tapinella, but its hymenophore is distinguished by narrow plates, located often. This type of mushroom has an unpleasant odor.
Other information about the mushroom
The etymology of the name of the fungus tapinella panus is interesting. The name 'Tapinella' comes from the word ταπις, which means 'carpet'. The epithet 'panus-shaped' characterizes this type of fungus as similar to Panus (one of the genera of mushrooms).