Stropharia blackspore (Stropharia melanosperma)
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Strophariaceae (Strophariaceae)
- Genus: Stropharia (Stropharia)
- Species: Stropharia melanosperma (Black spore stropharia)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Stropharia blackseed
Hat: In young mushrooms, the cap is cushion-shaped. With age, the cap opens and becomes almost completely open. The diameter of the cap is 2-8 cm. The surface of the cap has all shades of yellow, from light yellow to lemon. Colored unevenly, whitish at the edges. Mature mushrooms have a faded cap. Sometimes flaky remnants of the bedspread are visible along the edges of the cap. In wet weather, the cap is oily and smooth.
Flesh: thick, rather soft, light. At the break, the pulp does not change color. Has an unusual sweetish odor.
Plates: of medium width and frequency, adherent to the edges of the cap and stem. If you carefully cut off the leg, then the bottom surface of the cap becomes completely flat. In young mushrooms, the plates have a grayish color, then become dark-gray from ripe spores.
Spore powder: violet-brown or dark purple.
Stem: Black spore stropharia has a white stem. Up to ten centimeters long, up to 1 cm thick. The lower part of the leg is covered with small whitish-gray flakes. It may thicken slightly at the base. There is a small, neat ring on the leg. The ring, located high in the upper part, is at first white, later darkens from maturing spores. The surface of the leg may turn yellow with small spots. Inside, the leg is at first solid, then becomes hollow.
According to some sources, Stropharia black-spore bears fruit from the beginning of summer until an unknown time. The mushroom is not very common. It grows in gardens, fields, meadows and pastures, sometimes also in forests. Prefers manured and sandy soils. Grows individually or in small groups. There are two or three mushrooms in a joint.
Black-spore stropharia resembles a coppice or fine champignon. But, quite a bit, since the shape and color of the Stropharia plates, as well as the color of the spore powder, allow you to very quickly discard the version with Champignons. The same can be said about the white subspecies of Early Polevik.
Some sources claim that Black Spore Stropharia is an edible or conditionally edible mushroom. One thing is certain, it is definitely not poisonous or hallucinogenic. True, it is not at all clear why this mushroom should be grown then.
This porcini mushroom strongly resembles champignons, but when the plate is boiled, the Stropharia lose their pigment, which is also its feature and difference.