Scaly homphus

Scaly homphus (Turbinellus floccosus)

Systematics:

  • Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Subclass: Phallomycetidae (Veselkovye)
  • Order: Gomphales
  • Family: Gomphaceae
  • Genus: Turbinellus
  • Species: Turbinellus floccosus (Scaly homphus)

Synonyms:

  • Motley chanterelle;

  • Gomphus floccosus;
  • Cantharellus floccosus;
  • Merulius floccosus;
  • Turbinellus floccosus;
  • Chanterel floccosus;
  • Nevrophyllum floccosum;
  • Neurophyllum floccosum;
  • Turbinellus floccosus;
  • Cantharellus canadensis;
  • Cantharellus princeps.

Scaly homphus (Turbinellus floccosus)

For its rather unusual appearance, Scaly Gomfus (Variegated Chanterelle) regularly falls into various top 10 of the 'Most Beautiful Mushrooms in the World', 'The Most Unusual Mushrooms' and even the 'Most Incredible Mushrooms of the World'. Naturally, the constant mention in such charts makes many mushroom pickers want to find this mushroom. Unfortunately, there is no need to go further than 'find, look and photograph': the mushroom is not recommended to be eaten due to the fact that it can cause indigestion. There is information ('Poisonous mushrooms of Russia' – Vishnevsky M.V.) that a toxin, resinous norkaperatic acid, provoking the development of gastroenteritis, was found in it. Meanwhile, in the markets in Mexico, according to information from the same book, Homfus flake is sold as a completely edible mushroom.

Description:

Ecology: Forms mycorrhiza with conifers, grows singly or in small groups, on soil, in coniferous and mixed forests.

Season: summer – autumn (July – October).

The fruiting body is most similar in shape to a vase. Quite fleshy, 6-14 cm in height and 4-12 cm in diameter.

Top surface of the cap: Cup-shaped, funnel-shaped, sometimes rather deeply pressed, for which the mushroom is sometimes called 'mushroom-pipe' and 'mushroom-jug'. Wet in young mushrooms, covered with pressed soft scales of approximately the same size. This furry gave the mushroom several more names: furry, scaly, or woolly chanterelle. But these names are not used too often, perhaps because the mushroom itself is quite rare (although there are references that it is found quite often in North America, the Far East and South Siberia). The color can range from dark orange to reddish orange or brownish orange, with yellowish spots and zones. The edge is thin and wavy.

Lower surface: deep down, almost to the very base of the pedicle, covered with fine longitudinal wrinkles and folds. The folds are often bifurcated and / or crossed. In young mushrooms, creamy, creamy white, discolored with age, becomes brownish when ripe.

Scaly homphus (Turbinellus floccosus)

Leg: 4-10 cm in height and 2-3.5 cm in width. Conical in shape, narrowed towards the base. The transition between the leg and the cap is practically indistinguishable. The color at the stem is like the underside of the cap, creamy, or with dull yellow tints.

Pulp: from white to off-white, according to some sources – orange-yellowish. Fibrous. Does not change color on the cut.

Smell: very weak mushroom.

Taste: sweet, sweet and sour.

Spore powder: ocher-yellow.

Microscopic characteristics: spores 11-17 5.5-8 microns, elliptical with a snout-shaped apical end, finely warty.

Edible: As mentioned above, the mushroom is not recommended to be eaten.

Similar species are mentioned: Gomphus bonarii of bright red color with white hymenophore folds and with more pronounced scales or growths on the top of the cap. Gomphus kauffmanii is larger, scaly, more yellow in color.

Note: My attempts to find out what the animal is this 'norkaperatic acid' has led nowhere. Search engines give out this name only on a few sites related to medical topics, in the sections on medicinal mushrooms, and in the specified book. Neither a normal Latin name nor a description has yet been found. However, I didn't really want to.

Nature lover
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Hunting, Fishing and Mushrooms: a magazine for hunters and fishers.
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