The spruce row (Tricholoma aestuans) is an inedible mushroom with an unpleasant smell and taste. Some mushroom experts consider it poisonous. It grows in damp areas of coniferous forest or pine forest, beginning fruiting from late August or early September to late October.
Inedible spruce mushrooms
Spruce mushrooms are very similar to thin greenfinches, and when eaten can cause mild disorders of the digestive system. The diameter of the cap varies from 3 cm to 10 cm. It has the shape of a bell with a depression in the middle, shiny or slightly brown in color. If you lick the flesh of the cap, a pungent burning taste will immediately appear, although the row does not have a pronounced smell.
The proposed photo of a spruce row in natural conditions will help mushroom pickers to correctly identify this inedible species.
At a young age, as well as in old age, the mushroom is very easy to confuse with green tea. However, the spruce row has a more brownish tint. The stem and cap of the mushroom are less fleshy and thin. The leg is always visible in the row than in the greenfinch. And the mushroom itself is much larger and taller. Rows of spruce grow in large colonies, but they are also found in small groups. Usually they form a microse with spruce, appearing in damp coniferous forests, especially among moss.
There are small scales and barely noticeable radial stripes on the surface of the cap. Under the head there are mid-frequency plates on which dark spots appear. In adulthood, the caps begin to crack, and a light flesh is visible.
The stem of the spruce row mushrooms usually has a slight bend. Unlike greenfinch, in which the leg is dense, the spruce leg is hollow in the row. The pulp of the mushroom smells unpleasant and tastes bitter, sometimes it seems that it is saturated with water.
Inedible mushrooms ryadovki sultry spruce
Another type of inedible species is the sultry spruce row (Tricholoma aestuans). This mushroom is small in size and has a very unpleasant smell and taste. It grows in coniferous, mixed and pine forests. Basically it prefers to bear fruit in large groups in the Far East, Siberia, the Urals and in the forests of Western Europe. The fruiting period begins in September and lasts until the first frost, like in edible rows.
If a green tree, which looks like a spruce row, is harvested in any form, then a spruce row, and especially a sultry one, should be feared so as not to get poisoned. Therefore, green tea or green ryadovka is usually collected by mushroom pickers with extensive experience. It is better for novice lovers of 'quiet hunting' not to tempt fate, but to walk past these inedible fruit bodies.
What is the difference between a spruce ryadovka mushroom and a mushroom?
Some mushroom pickers sometimes confuse the spruce rower with such a mushroom as a lump. What is the difference between a milk mushroom and a spruce row, and what consequences can there be after such a confusion?
It should be noted that the milk mushrooms are classified as conditionally edible mushrooms. Due to the caustic milky juice, which gives the pulp a strong bitterness, these fruit bodies are not used fresh. Only after prolonged soaking can they be cooked. Usually they are salted: salted milk mushrooms are a favorite snack in Russian cuisine.
The cap of the breast is smooth, with a predominance of gray-green color. There are pronounced brown spots on the surface of the cap. In rainy weather, it becomes sticky and slippery, like boletus. The plates of young specimens are white, which then turns gray-green. The main difference between milk mushrooms and spruce rows is that at the cut, these fruiting bodies immediately release milky juice. If you can get a little poisoning from a row of spruce, then milk mushrooms are quite edible and tasty mushrooms.
In addition, milk mushrooms, in contrast to the spruce row, form a mycorrhiza with birch roots. Therefore, they grow most of all in old birch forests or mixed forests with a predominance of these particular trees. Unlike spruce row mushrooms, which prefer moist shady places, milk mushrooms grow in open meadows, where there is a lot of sunlight and heat.
However, there is one more significant difference between a spruce row and a mushroom. So, the first on its cap forms a funnel only at an old age. As for the milk mushrooms, at any stage of development, one can observe the correct funnel-shaped caps.
Important! Never forget the golden rule of the mushroom picker: not sure – don't take it! Every lover of 'quiet hunting' should clearly distinguish between edible fruiting bodies from inedible and poisonous ones. To do this, you need to carefully prepare by studying in detail the appearance of mushrooms that can be eaten. In case of even the slightest doubt, it is better to discard the idea of putting the fruiting body in the basket.