Row grayish-lilac (Lepista glaucocana)
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Tricholomataceae (Tricholomaceae or Ordinary)
- Genus: Lepista (Lepista)
- Species: Lepista glaucocana (Grayish-lilac row)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Row gray-blue
- Tricholoma glaucocanum
- Rhodopaxillus glaucocanus
- Clitocybe glaucocana
Description of the mushroom
A cap with a diameter of 4-12 (up to 16) cm, in youth from conical to hemispherical, then from flat-convex to prostrate, usually with a tubercle. The skin is smooth. The edges of the cap are even, wrapped inward in youth, then bent over. The color of the cap is grayish, possibly with a lilac, lilac, or cream shade. The cap is hygrophane, especially noticeable in age fungi; it becomes brownish from moisture.
The pulp is white or grayish, can be with a slight shade of the color of the leg / plates, in the leg at its periphery and below the cap at the plates of the color of the leg / plates by 1-3 mm. The pulp is dense, fleshy, in old mushrooms it becomes watery in wet weather. The smell is not pronounced, or weak fruity or floral, or grassy, pleasant. The taste is also not expressed, not unpleasant.
Plates are frequent, rounded to the stem, notched, in young mushrooms almost free, deeply adherent, in mushrooms with open caps – noticeably notched, look like adherent due to the fact that the place where the stem passes into the cap becomes not pronounced, smooth, conical. The color of the plates is grayish, it can be cream, with shades of purple or lilac, more saturated than the top of the cap.
Spore powder beige, pinkish. The spores are elongated (elliptical), almost smooth or finely warty, 6.5-8.5 x 3.5-5 μm.
The leg is 4-8 cm high, 1-2 cm in diameter (up to 2.5), cylindrical, can be expanded from below, clavate, can be curved from below, dense, fibrous. The location is central. The litter grows from below to the peduncle, sprouted by mycelium with shades of the color of the pedicle, sometimes in large quantities. The stem is the color of the mushroom plates, possibly with a mealy bloom in the form of small scales, lighter than the color of the plates.
Grows in autumn in all types of forests with rich soil and / or thick leafy or coniferous litter; on heaps of leafy humus and in places where foliage is brought; on rich soils in floodplain copses of rivers and streams, lowlands, ravines, often among nettles and bushes. At the same time, the litter actively grows with mycelium. Likes to grow along roads, paths where there is a significant amount of leaf / coniferous litter. Grows in rows, rings, from several to tens of fruiting bodies in a ring or row.
- Row purple (Lepista nuda) is a very similar mushroom, in 1991 there was even an attempt to recognize rowovka grayish-lilac as a purple variety, however, the differences were sufficient for it to remain a separate species, although a synonym for Lepista nuda var. glaucocana. It differs in a paler color, and the main difference is the color of the flesh: in purple it is deep purple throughout its depth, except perhaps, with rare exceptions, except for the light center of the leg, and in the grayish-lilac color it appears only along the periphery in the leg and above the plates. and quickly disappears with a distance to the center of the leg and from the plates.
- Violet row (Lepista irina) The mushroom is similar to the creamy grayish-lilac ridge shape, it has a strong smell.
- Lilac-footed row (Lepista saeva) It differs, firstly, in the place of growth – it grows in meadows, along river banks, along forest edges, in glades, in the grass, and the row is grayish-lilac in the forest with thick leaf or coniferous litter. Although, these species can overlap in their habitat on the edges. In lilac-footed ryadovka, the characteristic lilac color appears only on the leg, and never on the plates, and in the grayish-lilac color of the leg is identical to the color of the plates.
Conditionally edible mushroom. Tasty. It is completely similar to the purple ryadovka. Heat treatment is necessary, since the mushroom contains hemolysin, which destroys red blood cells (like the purple row), which is completely destroyed during heat treatment.