Bearded row (Tricholoma vaccinum)
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Tricholomataceae (Tricholomaceae or Ordinary)
- Genus: Tricholoma (Tricholoma or Ryadovka)
- Species: Tricholoma vaccinum (Bearded row)
- Agaricus rufolivescens
- Agaricus rufus
- Agaricus vaccinus
- Gyrophila vaccina
The cap of the bearded ryadovka is initially wide-conical, later it becomes convex and in old mushrooms it is flat, with a small tubercle in the middle, 2.5 – 8 centimeters in diameter. Surface from fibrous-scaly to coarsely scaly, with remnants of a private veil along the edge – 'beard'. The color is red-brown, darker in the center, lighter at the edges.
The plates are notched-accrete, sparse, light, white or yellowish, sometimes with brownish spots.
Spore powder is white.
The leg of the bearded row is straight or slightly widening downward, in the upper part it is light, whitish, it acquires the shade of a cap from top to bottom, covered with small scales, 3 – 9 centimeters long, 1 – 2 centimeters thick.
The pulp is whitish or yellow, according to some sources without a special smell, on others with an unpleasant smell. The taste is also described as both expressionless and bitter.
Distribution: The bearded row is quite widespread in the Northern Hemisphere. Forms mycorrhiza with conifers, most often with spruce, less often with pine. Occurs from August to November.
Similar species The bearded row is similar to the scaly row (Tricholoma imbricatum), which is distinguished by a dull brown color and the absence of a 'beard'.
Assessment The mushroom is not poisonous, but also does not possess high gastronomic qualities. According to some sources, it is suitable for salting along with other mushrooms after pre-boiling.