Black resinous milky (Lactarius picinus)
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Incertae sedis (undefined)
- Order: Russulales
- Family: Russulaceae (Russula)
- Genus: Lactarius (Miller)
- Species: Lactarius picinus (Black resinous miller)
Has several variants of Russian and Latin synonyms:
- Resin miller;
- The milk is resinous black;
- Lactifluus picinus.
The resinous black miller (Lactarius picinus) is a mushroom from the russula family, which is part of the millennium genus.
External description of the mushroom
The fruiting body of a resinous-black lactarius consists of a matte cap of a chocolate-brown, brown-brown, brown, black-brown shade, as well as a cylindrical leg, expanded and rather dense, which is initially full inside.
The diameter of the cap varies within 3-8 cm, initially it is convex, sometimes a sharp tubercle is visible in its center. There is a slight edge along the edges of the cap. In mature mushrooms, the cap becomes slightly depressed, acquiring a flat-convex shape.
The leg of the mushroom is 4-8 cm in length, and 1-1.5 cm in diameter, in mature mushrooms it is hollow from the inside, the same color with the cap, at the base it is white, and on the rest of the surface it is brown-brown.
The hymenophore is represented by a lamellar type, the plates go down a little down the leg, are frequent and have a large width. Initially, they are white, later they acquire an ocher tint. Fungal spores are light ocher in color.
Mushroom pulp is white or yellow in color, very dense, under the influence of air in broken areas it can turn pink. Milky sap also has a white color and a bitter taste; when exposed to air, it changes color to red.
Habitat and period of fruiting
Fruiting of this type of mushroom enters an active phase in August, and continues until the end of September. The resinous black milky (Lactarius picinus) grows in coniferous forests and forests mixed with pine trees, they are found singly and in groups, sometimes they grow in grass. The degree of occurrence in nature is minimal.
The resinous black milkweed is often referred to as conditionally edible mushrooms, or completely inedible. Some sources, on the contrary, say that the fruiting body of this fungus is edible.
Similar species, distinctive features from them
The resinous black lactarius (Lactarius picinus) has a similar species called the brown lactarius (Lactarius lignyotus). Its leg is darker in comparison with the described species. There is also a similarity with the brown milky, and sometimes the resinous black milky is referred to a variety of this mushroom.