Pluteus lion-yellow (Pluteus leoninus)
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Pluteaceae
- Genus: Pluteus (Plutey)
- Species: Pluteus leoninus (Plutey lion-yellow)
A bunch of ropes
- Plutey golden yellow
- Pluteus sororiatus
- Agaricus leoninus
- Agaricus chrysolithus
- Agaricus sororiatus
- Pluteus luteomarginatus
- Pluteus fayodii
- Pluteus flavobrunneus
Habitat and time of growth: Plyutei lion-yellow grows in deciduous, mainly oak and beech forests; in mixed forests, where he prefers birch; and is very rarely found in conifers. Saprophyte, grows on rotting stumps, bark, wood immersed in the soil, dead wood, rarely on living trees. Fruiting from mid-June to mid-September with massive growth in July. Singly or in small groups, quite rarely, annually. Distributed in Europe, Asia, Western and Eastern Siberia, China, Primorsky Territory, Japan, North Africa and North America.
Hat: 3-5, up to 6 cm in diameter, first bell-shaped or wide-bell-shaped, then convex, flat-convex and prostrate, thin, smooth, matte velvety, longitudinally striped. Yellowish brownish, brownish or honey yellow. In the center of the cap, there may be a small tubercle with a velvety mesh pattern. The edge of the cap is ribbed-striped.
Plates: loose, wide, frequent, whitish-yellowish, pink by old age.
Leg: thin and high, 5-9 cm high and about 0.5 cm thick. Cylindrical, slightly widened downwards, even or curved, sometimes twisted, solid, longitudinally striped, fibrous, sometimes with a small nodule base, yellowish, yellowish-brownish or brownish, with a darker base.
Flesh: white, firm, with a pleasant smell and taste, or no special smell and taste
Spore Powder: Light Pink
Edible mushroom of low quality, preliminary boiling is necessary (10-15 minutes), after boiling it can be used to prepare first and second courses. The lion yellow can also be consumed salted. Suitable for drying.
- Gold-colored plute (Pluteus chrysophaeus) – slightly smaller, with the presence of brownish tints.
- The golden-veined roach (Pluteus chrysophlebius) is much smaller, the cap is not velvety and the pattern is different in the center of the cap.
- Pluteus fenzlii is very rare. Its hat is bright, it is the yellowest of all yellow spitters. Easily distinguished by the presence of a ring or annular zone on the stem.
- Orange-wrinkled roach (Pluteus aurantiorugosus) is also a very rare roach. Differs in the presence of orange shades, especially in the center of the cap. There is a rudimentary ring on the stem.
An inexperienced mushroom picker may confuse lion-yellow spit with some types of rowings, such as a sulfur-yellow row (inedible mushroom) or decorated, but a careful look at the plates will help to correctly identify the mushrooms.
Piley pile (P. sororiatus) is considered a synonym, however, a number of authors recognize it as an independent species, noting significant differences both in morphological characteristics and in ecology. Pluteus luteomarginatus, in this case, is considered to be synonymous with cluster spit, not lion-yellow.
For the heaped spit (Pluteus sororiatus) S.P. Vasser gives a description that is different from the descriptions of the lion-yellow spit:
The total size of the fruit bodies is somewhat larger – the diameter of the cap is up to 11 cm, the leg is up to 10 cm long. The surface of the cap is sometimes slightly wrinkled. Stem whitish-pink, pink at the base, fibrous, finely grooved. With age, the plates become yellowish-pink, yellowish-brown with a yellowish edge. The flesh is whitish, under the skin with a grayish-yellowish tinge, sour taste. The hyphae of the cap skin are located perpendicular to its surface and consist of cells 80-220×12-40 microns in size. Spores 7-8×4.5-6.5 microns, basidia 25-30×7-10 microns, cheilocystids 35-110×8-25 microns, at a young age contain a yellowish pigment, then colorless, pleurocystids 40-90×10-30 microns. It grows on the remains of wood in coniferous forests. (Wikipedia)