- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Psathyrellaceae (Psatirellaceae)
- Genus: Psathyrella (Psatirella)
- Species: Psathyrella lacrymabunda (Psatirella velvety)
- Lacrimaria is velvety;
- Felt lacrimaria;
- Psathyrella velutina;
- Lacrymaria lacrimabunda;
- Lacrymaria velutina.
The fruiting body of the velvety psatirella is hat-peg. The caps of this mushroom are 3-8 cm in diameter, in young mushrooms they have a hemispherical shape, sometimes bell-shaped. In mature mushrooms, the cap becomes convex-outstretched, velvety to the touch, the remains of the bedspread are clearly visible along the edges of the cap. The flesh of the cap is fibrous and scaly. Sometimes the caps of the velvety psatirella are radially wrinkled, and can be brownish-red, yellow-brown, or ocher-brown in color. The middle of these mushrooms is chestnut brown.
The leg of a velvety psatirella can be from 2 to 10 cm in length, and does not exceed 1 cm in diameter. The shape of the leg is mostly cylindrical. From the inside, the leg is empty, slightly widened at the base. Its texture is fibrous-felt and its color is off-white. The fibers are brown. Young mushrooms have a peri-pectoral ring that disappears over time.
The mushroom pulp is whitish in color, sometimes giving off yellow. At the base of the leg, the flesh is brown. In general, the pulp of this type of mushroom is fragile, saturated with moisture.
The hymenophore in psatirella velvety is lamellar. The plates, located under the cap, grow to the surface of the leg, have a grayish tint and are often located. In mature fruit bodies, the plates become dark brown, almost black, and always have light edges. In immature fruiting bodies, droplets appear on the plates.
The spore powder of psatirella velvety has a brown-violet color. The spores are lemon-shaped, warty.
Season and habitat of the fungus
Fruiting of velvety psatirella (Psathyrella lacrymabunda) begins in July, when solitary mushrooms of this species appear, and its activity increases significantly in August and continues until early September.
From mid-summer to about October, velvety psatirella can be found in mixed, deciduous and open places, on soils (often sandy), in grass, near roadsides, on rotten wood, near forest paths and roads, in parks and squares, in gardens and cemeteries. It is not often possible to meet mushrooms of this type in Russia. Velvety psatirella grows in groups or singly.
Psatirella velvety is one of the conditionally edible mushrooms. It is recommended to use it fresh for preparing second courses. This mushroom is boiled for 15 minutes, and the broth is poured out. However, some experts in the field of mushroom growing believe that velvety psatirella is an inedible and highly poisonous mushroom.
Similar types and differences from them
In appearance, velvety psatirella (Psathyrella lacrymabunda) is similar to cotton wool psatirella (Psathyrella cotonea). However, the second type of mushroom has a lighter shade, and in an immature form, it is whitish. Wadded psatirella grows mainly on decaying wood, characterized by a hymenophore with red-brown plates.
Other information about the mushroom
Psatirella velvety is sometimes referred to as an independent genus of mushrooms Lacrymaria, which translates from Latin as 'tear'. This name was given to the mushroom because in young fruit bodies, droplets of liquid, very similar to tears, often accumulate on the plates of the hymenophore.
Photo of the mushroom Psatirella velvety from the questions in recognition:
2019.10.19 Ivan 2018.11.19 Alexander Petrov 2019.05.17 Marina 2019.05.02 Yaroslava 2017.06.11 Maria