- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Psathyrellaceae (Psatirellaceae)
- Genus: Psathyrella (Psatirella)
- Species: Psathyrella candolleana (Psathyrella Candolle)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Candoll's False Foam
- Fragile Candoll
- Gifoloma Candoll
Candoll's False Foam
- Gifoloma Candoll
- Hypholoma candolleanum
- Psathyra candolleanus
The cap: in a young mushroom, bell-shaped, then relatively spread with a slight smooth elevation in the center. The diameter of the cap is from 3 to 7 cm. The color of the cap varies from almost white to yellow with brown. On the edges of the cap, you can see specific white flakes – the residual parts of the bedspread.
Flesh: whitish brown, brittle, thin. Has a pleasant mushroom aroma.
Plates: in a young mushroom, the plates are grayish, then they become darker, taking on a dark brown color, dense, adherent to the stem.
Spore powder: purple-brown, almost black.
Stem: Hollow, cylindrical with slight pubescence at the bottom. Whitish cream color. 7 to 10 cm long. 0.4-0.8 cm thick.
Distribution: fruiting time – from May to early autumn. Psatirella Candolla is found in deciduous and mixed forests, vegetable gardens and parks, mainly on the roots and stumps of deciduous trees. Grows in large groups.
Similarity: A distinctive feature of Psathyrella candolleana is the remains of the bedspread on the edges of the cap. If the remains have not survived or have gone unnoticed, then you can distinguish Candol's honeydew from various types of mushrooms by the place of growth – in groups on dead wood. Also, this mushroom has no distinct ring on its stem. From representatives of the genus Agrocybe, Candol's honeydew is distinguished by a darker color of spore powder. The fungus differs from the closely related Psathyrella spadiceogrisea in its lighter color and larger fruit bodies. In addition, it should be noted that the mushroom is quite volatile. Candol's honey fungus can acquire the most unexpected masks depending on humidity, temperature, the place of growth and the age of the fruit body. At the same time, the honey mushroom is completely different from the popular edible mushrooms, no matter what shades the sun gives it.
Edible: Old sources rank the Psatirella Candoll mushroom as an inedible and even poisonous mushroom, but modern literature calls it a completely usable mushroom that requires preliminary boiling.
Notes: At the end of spring and summer, Psatirella Candolla fights for territory with the Shimmering Dung. It is interesting that the dung beetle wins, as a rule, on the sunny side, and the psaritella – in the shade.
Photo of the Psatirella Candoll mushroom from the recognition questions:
2018.07.14 Ilya 2016.12.29 2017.05.22 Valentine 2017.03.12 Lena 2017.03.10