Polevik hard

Polevik hard (Agrocybe dura) Polevik hard (Agrocybe dura) Polevik hard (Agrocybe dura)

Polevik hard (Agrocybe dura)

Systematics:

  • Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
  • Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
  • Family: Strophariaceae (Strophariaceae)
  • Genus: Agrocybe (Agrocybe)
  • Species: Agrocybe dura (Polevik hard)
    Other names for the mushroom:
  • Agrocybe solid
  • Hard vole

Synonyms:

  • Agrocybe solid

  • Hard vole

Tough field worker Rigid Polewick (Agrocybe dura)

Hat: 3-10 cm in diameter, changes noticeably with age – at first hemispherical, regular, compact, thick-fleshed, with a dense white private veil; as the mushroom matures, it opens and loses its shape, often (apparently in dry weather) becoming covered with superficial cracks, from under which white cotton-like pulp appears. The edges of the cap of adult mushrooms can look very sloppy due to the ragged remnants of the private bedspread. The color varies considerably, from white, almost snow-white (in youth) to dirty yellow, beige. The flesh of the hat is thick, white, with a faint odor, which is rated differently by different authors – from 'pleasant mushroom' to 'unpleasant'.

Plates: Frequent, adherent, thick, sometimes very wide, in young mushrooms often with a characteristic 'disheveledness', then simply uneven. The beginning of life is carried out under the protection of a thick white blanket. Color – from light grayish or brownish in youth to dark brown in mature specimens. The color of the plates of hard scales undergoes approximately the same evolutions as in champignons, but here grayish, rather than reddish, shades prevail in the range.

Spore powder: Dark brown.

Leg: Quite long and slender, 5-12 cm in height and 0.5-1 cm in thickness, cylindrical, solid, only occasionally evenly expanding in the lower part. Color – whitish-gray, dimmer than the cap. The surface of the leg can be covered with bursting and characteristic curling fibers, which gives the impression of pubescence. The remnants of the private bedspread quickly disappear, and in adult mushrooms may be completely invisible. The pulp of the leg is tough, fibrous, grayish.

Distribution: Grows from mid-summer (according to other sources, from July) in meadows, gardens, parks, lawns, preferring humanized landscapes. According to the literature, Argocybe dura is a 'silage saprophyte', decomposing the remains of grass, which distinguishes it from the 'cluster' of Agrocybe praecox – its other representatives feed on wood and sawdust.

Similar species: Strictly speaking, according to some researchers, Agrocybe dura (by the way, Agrocybe molesta) is not quite a separate species. (And in general, in mycology, the taxon 'species' acquires some other, not like in other biology, meaning.) And speaking humanly, a rigid agrocybe (or a tough field) is so similar to an early agrocybe (or an early field scientist, as his devil in Russian), that they can be distinguished only through a microscope, and even then not always. Agrocybe dura is said to have larger spores. Actually, it was on the basis of the size of the spores that I attributed the mushrooms in the photo to this species.

But it is very easy to distinguish tough agrocybe from champignons. In old age, they do not look alike at all, while young mushrooms have a sinewy cylindrical stem, an earthy color of the plates, and the absence of a pleasant aniseed smell. It doesn't look like champignon at all.

Edible: Not clear; obvious, inherited from Agrocybe praecox. In the sense that you can eat, but don't want to.

Remarks The hard agrocyba is of theoretical rather than any other interest. A fungus growing in anthropogenic landscapes does not create an aura of magic around itself, which is characteristic of mycorrhizal fungi. The lack of magic is forgivable for champignon or winter honey (as practice shows, you can eat absolutely not magical things), but they don't become less boring from this. Agrocybe dura, however, has found a way out: there are not so many mushrooms in the world that would like to measure spores. It's interesting with the agrocyboy. This means that we can forgive the dirty lawns, and the nondescript adult specimens, and much more, which we do not even suspect behind Agrocybe dura, but it is definitely there.

Polevik hard (Agrocybe dura) Polevik hard (Agrocybe dura) Polevik hard (Agrocybe dura)

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Hunting, Fishing and Mushrooms: a magazine for hunters and fishers.
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