Poisonous mushrooms ryadovki – talkers

Poisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkersRows are very poisonous mushrooms that should never be eaten. Another name for these mushrooms is poisonous talker. Some types of rowers contain a large dose of the muscarine alkaloid, which exceeds the content of this substance in the red fly agaric.

On this page you can find out what talker mushrooms look like, where they grow and what kind of counterparts they have. You will see a photo of poisonous rows and get acquainted with their description.

Poisonous whitish talker and her photo

Category: inedible.

Clitocybe dealbata hat (diameter 2-6 cm): Off-white or grayish, it may have gray or brownish spots. In a young whitish talker, the hat is slightly convex in shape with evenly tucked edges, in an adult it becomes almost horizontally flat, and in an old one it is pressed inward. To the touch, the upper part of the mushroom is smooth and silky, after rain it can become covered with sticky mucus, and in very dry weather it can crack.

Leg (height 2-5 cm): usually curved, in the form of a cylinder, expanding from bottom to top. In old mushrooms it is usually hollow, in young it is always solid.

Poisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkersPoisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkers

As you can see in the photo of the white talker, the color of the mushroom leg is the same as that of the cap; when pressed hard, it darkens.

Poisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkersPoisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkers

Blades: white, grayish or dirty yellow.

Poisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkersPoisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkers

Flesh: fibrous, white. On cut and when interacting with air, the color does not change. No special smell. A thick whitish juice is released on the cut.

Poisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkersPoisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkers

Doubles: other poisonous talkers, such as reddish (Clitocybe rivulosa) and waxy (Clitocybe cerussata), as well as edible mushrooms – meadow honey (Marasmius oreades) and willow (Clitopilus prunulus). The whitish one differs from the reddish talker in color. Waxy larger. For ivy, a persistent, strong powdery smell is characteristic, while meadow honey, which can often be found nearby, has the smell of almonds and a brownish cap with loose plates.

When it grows: from late June to early November in temperate northern hemisphere countries.

Poisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkersPoisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkers

Where to find it: Dislikes dense forests and usually grows on lawns, pastures or in areas of forest felling.

Eating: a very poisonous mushroom, in no case should it be eaten. The whitish talker contains a large dose of the alkaloid muscarine, which has a powerful effect on the nervous system. In terms of the content of this substance, it even surpasses the red fly agaric.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Important! Symptoms of poisoning with a whitish talker appear quickly enough – within 30-40 minutes after consumption. Breathing is impaired, blood pressure changes, severe diarrhea, sweating and vomiting begin. In this case, it is necessary to urgently seek qualified medical help, since only medications will be a reliable antidote for poisoning.

Other names: discolored talker.

What do the talker mushrooms look like?

Category: inedible.

Poisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkersPoisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkers

Clitocybe diatreta hat (diameter 2.5-5 cm): prostrate or slightly depressed in the center. Smooth to the touch, without wrinkles or plaque. The color intensifies after rain and changes depending on the age of the fungus: in a young one it is dark, and in an adult it is usually flesh or white. The edges of the upper part are wrapped inward, they are lighter than the core and are almost transparent to the light.

Leg (height 2-5 cm): matt, fibrous, cylindrical. Smooth to the touch, sometimes with slight pubescence. The color is usually light beige, slightly lighter than the cap, darkens noticeably at the base of the old mushroom. In a humid environment, the shade is enhanced.

Plates of translucent ryadovka: uneven length, firmly adhered to the cap.

Flesh: whitish and odorless. On cut and when interacting with air, the color does not change.

Doubles: none.

Where can you find it: prefers sandy soils of pine forests, less often birch forests. This mushroom is very unpretentious and can grow on both fertilized and infertile soils.

The inedible mushroom of this species grows from mid-May to the end of October in almost all countries of Eurasia and North Africa.

Eating: not used in cooking, as it is highly toxic.

Application in traditional medicine: not used by traditional healers.

In official medicine, scientists isolate the antitumor antibiotic diatretin from the translucent govorushka. The active substances of the cultured mushroom help in the treatment of tubercle bacillus.

Important! The mushroom contains quite large amounts of the alkaloid muscarine, which has a strong effect on the nervous system.

Other names: govorushka cup-shaped, govorushka diatret.

Poisonous mushroom govorushka (ryadovka) gray

Category: inedible.

Poisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkersPoisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkers

Hat of gray poisonous row (Clitocybe vibecina) (diameter 3-6 cm): gray, light brown or beige, can fade to a lighter color. In young mushrooms, it is hemispherical, with time it becomes flatter or even depressed. The surface is dry and smooth, without deposits or flakes. In humid forest it can be shiny, in dry and hot weather it shrinks. The edges of the cap are very thin, in young mushrooms they are bent towards the inner side and lighter than the center.

Stem (height 3-8 cm): solid, cylindrical, solid, in old mushrooms it may be hollow. Dry, the same color as the cap. There is a slight pubescence at the very base.

Poisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkersPoisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkers

Pay attention to the photo of the gray talker: her plates are moderately frequent, all of different lengths. Pale gray or pale brown, in wet weather the color is more intense.

Pulp: Very thin and pale, with a rancid flour odor and an unpleasant taste.

The name of the mushroom is translated from Greek as 'bruise' or 'bruise'.

Doubles: outwardly similar to the talkative relatives – weakly odorless (Clitocybe ditopa) and weakly colored (Clitocybe metachroa). But the slightly odorous one has a shorter leg, and a grayish bloom is noticeable on the surface of the cap, and the weakly colored talker has no smell.

The gray talker mushroom grows from late July to mid-September in almost all countries of northern Europe.

Where can you find it: in coniferous and deciduous forests with high soil acidity. He especially likes to grow in moss.

Eating: not consumed due to unpleasant odor and taste.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Other names: grayish talker, grooved talker, brown talker, Lange talker.

Poisonous tiger ryadovka (talker) and her photo

Category: inedible.

Poisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkersPoisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkers

Tiger hat (Tricholoma pardinum) (diameter 5-14 cm): grayish or off-white, in the form of a hemisphere or bell, becomes more spread over time. The edges are very thin and folded down. There are characteristic concentric flaky scales that are much darker in color than the rest of the mushroom skin.

Leg (height 6-16 cm): usually white or grayish, may be ocher at the base. Solid, cylindrical and tapering from bottom to top.

Plates: white, less often with a greenish tinge, fleshy.

Poisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkersPoisonous mushrooms ryadovki - talkers

As you can see in the photo, the poisonous tiger row has a dense, yellowish flesh on the cut that does not change color when interacting with air. Mushroom pickers say that the tiger ryadovka has a rich flour smell.

Doubles: Despite the characteristic surface of the cap, the tiger row can be confused with the rows of black scaly (Tricholoma atrosquamosum), earthy (Tricholoma terreum), gray (Tricholoma portentosum) and reddish (Tricholoma orirubens). But in the black-scaly row, the scales cover not only the cap, but also the leg, and the earthy one lacks the characteristic shade of the plates and the flour smell. The gray has scales on the cap, but very rare.

And in the reddish ryadovka they have a rich olive shade and pinkish plates.

When it grows: from early August to mid-October in temperate northern hemisphere countries.

Where can you find it: on the calcareous soils of deciduous and coniferous forests.

Eating: not consumed as it is very toxic.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Important! Tiger rowing can deceive inexperienced mushroom pickers with a pleasant aroma. But there is no way to eat it! The toxin contained in this mushroom is still practically not studied, and the symptoms of poisoning appear very quickly in the form of nausea and severe vomiting.

Other names: ryadovka leopard, ryadovka poisonous.

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Hunting, Fishing and Mushrooms: a magazine for hunters and fishers.
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