Poisonous fly agarics: photo and description

Poisonous fly agarics: photo and descriptionIf the fly agaric is a poisonous mushroom, then a completely natural question arises: where to look for fly agaric and, most importantly, why do it? The answer is very simple – despite all their toxicity, some types of these 'gifts of the forest', in the frequency of the fly agaric, are irreplaceable in folk medicine. True, these mushrooms have not passed clinical trials and therefore the data are based only on the words of the doctors themselves.

In this article, we will talk about the use of fly agaric in medicine, show a photo of red, white, panther and other types of fly agaric, give their description, and also inform where the fly agaric grows.

Amanita mushroom red (poisonous, inedible) and its use

The poisonous fly agaric (Amanita muscaria) is a mushroom known even to children. He, like a red traffic light, warns: do not eat, do not touch!

Poisonous fly agarics: photo and descriptionPoisonous fly agarics: photo and description

However, pay attention to the photo of a red fly agaric: its hat with a diameter of 6-7 cm, in addition to bright red, can be orange, yellow, less often red-brown. The second main sign of an inedible fly agaric is a kind of flocculent growths-warts of white color, which are easily washed off by rain. When broken, the red poisonous fly agaric does not emit a smell.

Leg (height 7-22 cm): cylindrical, white, less often yellowish, dotted with flaky remnants of the cap.

Flesh: firm, white, sometimes yellowish.

Plates: light white or cream-colored, frequent, large, can alternate with smaller ones.

Poisonous fly agarics: photo and descriptionPoisonous fly agarics: photo and description

Look at the photos of poisonous amanitas growing in North America – they are pale yellow or light orange. At a young age, warts in red fly agaric mushrooms can almost completely hide the color of the cap.

Where does the red poisonous fly agaric grow

Every mushroom picker knows where the red fly agarics grow: they can be found: in coniferous forests with acidic soil, less often under birches. Common companions are forest spruces; less often whole families settle under birches.

Poisonous fly agarics: photo and descriptionPoisonous fly agarics: photo and description

The poisonous mushroom red fly agaric grows: from the second half of summer to mid-autumn, before the first frost, in the northern zone with a temperate climate. Distributed in almost all forests of Russia, except for the hot southern regions.

There are no doubles. Due to its remarkable appearance, the red fly agaric is difficult to confuse with another mushroom.

Amanita muscaria in folk medicine and rituals

Data on the use of red mushroom in medicine have not been confirmed. It is claimed that inedible amanita caps are used in the treatment of a huge number of diseases, such as arthritis, rheumatism, sciatica, paralysis, sciatica, neuralgia and even oncology.

The ancient Indo-Iranians prepared the ritual drink of catfish from the juice of red fly agaric, coniferous ephedra bush and harmala flower. There is a version that he had some health properties. He was received while singing religious hymns. In the hymns of the 'Rig Veda' this drink is called 'a child of the earth of red color without leaves, flowers and fruits, with a head resembling an eye'.

Supporters of shamanic rituals, lovers of new sensations should remember that the content of poisonous substances in red fly agarics is different, therefore, before committing one or another act, you should think about your own health. On average, for a lethal outcome, a healthy person will need 12-15 fly agaric caps, but depending on the age and other characteristics of the fungus, their number can be much smaller. Abuse in the use of red fly agaric, both in medicine and in rituals, can cause not only a feeling of weak intoxication or mild hallucinations, but also amnesia.

In Russia and Europe, people used the fly agaric as a means to fight insects, in particular flies. A decoction was made from it, on which insects flocked and died. Hence the name of the mushroom.

Eating: the mushroom is poisonous, therefore inedible. The peoples of Siberia, some countries of Europe and North America often consumed amanita as a hallucinogenic agent – it contains muscimol, which has psychotropic properties. In shamanic rituals, the red fly agaric was used as an intoxicating agent.

Amanita muscaria, poisonous: photo and description

The hat of a young poisonous panther fly agaric (Amanita pantherina) (diameter 5-11 cm) in the form of a hemisphere, eventually becomes completely flat with characteristic ribbed edges. This type of fly agaric got its name precisely because of the color of the cap.

Poisonous fly agarics: photo and descriptionPoisonous fly agarics: photo and description

Pay attention to the photo of the panther fly agaric: the flesh inside the cap is most often white and watery.

Leg (height 5-13 cm): in the form of a cylinder, tapering from bottom to top, has a ring-shaped volva of white or light gray color. Sometimes (not always!) There may be a fragile ring and small villi along the entire length of the leg. Amanita muscaria plates are described as reminiscent of red mushroom plates – they are frequent, white or light gray. In adult fungi, there may be subtle brown spots on the plates.

Poisonous fly agarics: photo and descriptionPoisonous fly agarics: photo and description

The poisonous panther fly agaric, the photo of which is presented above, emits a very sharp unpleasant smell when broken; avid mushroom pickers claim that it is similar to the smell of fresh radish.

Poisonous fly agarics: photo and descriptionPoisonous fly agarics: photo and description

Doubles: close relatives – thick fly agaric (Amanita spissa) and gray-pink (Amanita rubescens). The thick fly agaric, very rare, has more fleshy flesh and a volva in the form of a collar. In gray-pink, the flesh turns pink after breaking and a streak pattern on the surface of the ring.

Where to find panther fly agaric

You can find out where to find panther fly agarics when visiting a coniferous forest – this poisonous mushroom prefers pines. In deciduous and broad-leaved forests, he settles less often and exclusively under pines.

The mushroom grows from the second half of July to the very end of September in the temperate zone of the countries of the Northern Hemisphere.

This inedible mushroom is not eaten, since it is very poisonous.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Before you find a panther fly agaric, and even more so to pluck this mushroom, remember that it is extremely dangerous due to the content of toxic substances similar to the venoms of henbane and datura. Thrill-seekers from natural hallucinogens should know that mixing these three components in the body produces poisoning and intoxication, just like using arsenic.

Although the mushroom is not used in medicine or cooking, the use of the panther fly agaric is common among owners of suburban areas as a powerful tool in the fight against insect pests.

Amanita white smelly and its photo

Category: inedible.

Since childhood, many believe that the fly agaric should be bright red with white specks on the cap, so the sight of a white fly agaric (Amanita virosa) can be confusing. But there is such a mushroom, moreover, its name includes not only the word 'white', but also the unappetizing 'smelly': when broken, it gives off a very unpleasant odor.

Hat (diameter 5-11 cm): conical in shape, with a pronounced sharp tip, often deformed.

Poisonous fly agarics: photo and descriptionPoisonous fly agarics: photo and description

Looking at the photo of a white fly agaric, you can see that the top and center of the mushroom cap can sometimes be yellow. The surface is shiny, in a humid environment – with a small discharge of sticky mucus. Sometimes it can be covered with white filmy flakes.

Leg (height 11-15 cm): Generally long and curved.

Blades: very frequent, mostly white or grayish.

The unpleasant smell of white fly agaric is similar to the pungent smell of highly concentrated bleach familiar to all housewives.

How can you tell this mushroom from its edible counterparts? An unpleasant smell may be the first signal. The second indicator is that the champignon, for example, does not have a volva, while the plates of adult mushrooms are colored. However, some white fly agarics 'hide' the Volvo in the ground, so it's easy to miss. Still, rely on the smell, and if there is no smell, then be sure to pay attention to the structure of the mushroom.

Doubles: Inexperienced mushroom pickers may confuse the white fly agaric with the toadstool (Amanita phalloides), one of the mushroom species (Agaricus), or the white russula (Russula albidula).

When it grows: from mid-July to late October in the temperate zone of the Eurasian continent from the forests of France to the Russian Far East. Less common in the mountainous regions of central Europe.

Where to find the stinky fly agaric

The smelly fly agaric can be found primarily in coniferous and deciduous forests with sandy or acidic soil. This fungus grows more often near hills or in mountainous areas; on the plains it is not found.

The white smelly fly agaric is not used for food due to its extreme toxicity, it is not used in folk medicine.

Other names: white toadstool.

Amanita muscaria and its counterparts

Category: inedible.

Poisonous fly agarics: photo and descriptionPoisonous fly agarics: photo and description

The hat of the spring fly agaric (Amanita verna), 4-12 cm in diameter, is smooth and shiny, white in color, but the center may be darker. In a young mushroom in the form of a hemisphere, it becomes almost flat over time.

Leg (height 5-13 cm): smooth, thickened at the base. It is the same color as the cap, has a light bloom along the entire length.

Flesh: firm, white, very brittle.

Plates: white.

The spring fly agaric has no distinct taste and aroma. Some mushroom pickers say that its taste is bitter, however, due to the toxicity of the fly agaric, it is not recommended to check this statement.

The twins of the spring fly agaric are mushrooms of any kind, and this poisonous mushroom can also be confused with the green russula (Russula aeruginea) and greenish (Russula virescens), with different floats (Amanita). The champignon does not have a volva, and the plates are usually not white, but colored. There is no Volvo and russules, and russules are very fragile. In addition, the greenish russula is much smaller and does not have a mushroom ring.

When it grows: from late April to mid-July in countries with a warm climate, in Russia, mainly in the Volga region and southern regions.

Where can you find it: On limey, moist soils of deciduous forests.

Eating: not consumed.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Other names: white fly agaric, spring toadstool.

Be careful: the spring amanita is easily confused with some edible mushrooms.

Vittadini's inedible fly agaric

Category: inedible.

Poisonous fly agarics: photo and descriptionPoisonous fly agarics: photo and description

Amanita vittadinii cap (diameter 5-18 cm) is white, olive or light brown, with jagged and ribbed edges. Often covered with small scales and warts. Like most Amanitovs, it changes shape during the life of the fungus from prostrate or bell-shaped to almost flat.

Leg (height 6-18 cm): almost always white. Tapers from bottom to top. Covered with white scaly rings.

Flesh: white, slightly yellow when cut and in contact with air. When broken, it emits a pleasant mushroom aroma.

Blades: very frequent and wide, white or cream colored.

Doubles: none.

When it grows: from mid-April to early October in warm countries of Europe and Asia, North America and Africa.

Where to find: in all types of forests, as well as in the steppes. Amanita Vittadini is a drought-resistant mushroom that can withstand long periods without rain.

Eating: The data on the edibility of the Vittadini amanita are very controversial, but most scientists classify it as inedible.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Amanita muscaria: photo and description

Category: inedible.

Amanita citrina cap (diameter 6-11 cm) is pale yellow, less often greenish-olive or gray-white, fleshy, with a hanging ring and white or gray flakes, usually sticky to the touch. In a young mushroom, it is slightly convex, but eventually becomes completely flat. Leg (height 6-13 cm): cylindrical, hollow, slightly widened downwards. The color ranges from grayish to pale yellow. Amanita muscaria plates are similar in description to the plates of all representatives of mushrooms: frequent, but weak.

The fungus contains poisonous compounds similar to those found in the organisms of some exotic frogs.

When broken, the mushroom gives off a pungent smell of raw potatoes.

Poisonous fly agarics: photo and descriptionPoisonous fly agarics: photo and description

Pay attention to the photo of the toadstool: it looks like the pale toadstool (Amanita phalloides) and the gray fly agaric (Amanita porphyria). The pale toadstool, unlike the fly agaric, does not smell and has a smooth cap without flakes and growths. And the gray fly agaric has a darker hat than the grebe.

Other names: yellow-green fly agaric, lemon fly agaric, yellow pale grebe, lemon yellow fly agaric.

When it grows: from early August to late October practically throughout Eurasia and North America, less often on the African continent and in Australia.

Where to find it: prefers to grow next to pines and oaks on sandy and slightly acidic soils.

Eating: not eaten due to poor taste.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Important! Although the toadstool is slightly toxic, it is still not worth eating it. Even low doses of toxins can seriously affect the human body.

In addition, this mushroom can be easily confused with more poisonous brethren.

Poisonous mushroom fly agaric grungy

Category: inedible.

Poisonous fly agarics: photo and descriptionPoisonous fly agarics: photo and description

Amanita franchetii hat (diameter 4-11 cm): yellow, brown, chocolate, can be with a gray or olive tint. In a young, rough fly agaric, it has the shape of a semicircle, which, with age, changes to almost completely open. The edges of the cap are usually smooth and even, but in older mushrooms they can break and curl upward.

Stem (height 5-11 cm): white or light yellow, hollow, tapering from bottom to top, covered with noticeable yellow flakes. Has a ring with ribbed edges.

Plates: weakly adherent or completely free, usually white, which changes to yellow-brown with age. And the white pulp at the site of a cut or break quickly turns yellow.

Botanists' views on the smell and taste of a grungy mushroom vary. Some scientists note their pleasant feature, while others hold the exact opposite opinion.

Doubles: none.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

When it grows: from early July to mid-October in many European countries, Central Asia, North America and Africa.

Poisonous fly agarics: photo and descriptionPoisonous fly agarics: photo and description

Where can you find it: in deciduous and mixed forests, prefers the neighborhood of oak and beech.

Eating: the mushroom is poisonous.

Inedible mushroom fly agaric bristly

Category: inedible.

Poisonous fly agarics: photo and descriptionPoisonous fly agarics: photo and description

The cap of the bristly fly agaric (Amanita echinocephala) (diameter 5-16 cm) is white, often with an ocher or greenish tint. Fleshy, round and resembles a small chicken egg in shape, but over time it straightens and becomes prostrate. It is covered with pronounced pyramidal scales, for which, by the way, the mushroom was named bristly. At the edges of the cap you can often see a large amount of blanket remains.

Leg (height 9-19 cm): cylindrical in shape with small scales and a pointed base, rolled into the soil. The color and shades of the stem are usually the same as that of the cap.

Blades: dense and white, but mature mushrooms may have a turquoise or olive tint. The firm flesh is usually white or yellowish.

The bristly fly agarics have an extremely unpleasant taste and smell, according to experienced mushroom pickers, reminiscent of the distinct smell of strong rot.

Doubles: lone fly agaric (Amanita solitaria) and pineal (Amanita strobiliformis). Both of these mushrooms are quite rare and, unlike the bristly, have a pleasant aroma.

When it grows: from early June to mid-October in the southern regions of the Eurasian continent.

Where can you find it: on calcareous soils of coniferous and deciduous forests. Prefers to grow next to oak trees.

Eating: not consumed.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Other names: bristly fat man, prickly-headed fly agaric.

Poisonous mushroom fly agaric bright yellow

Category: inedible.

Poisonous fly agarics: photo and descriptionPoisonous fly agarics: photo and description

The cap of the bright yellow fly agaric (Amanita gemmata) (diameter 4-12 cm), as the name implies, is yellow or ocher, with furrowed edges, over time changes its shape from convex to practically open. Smooth to the touch, may have a small amount of whitish scales.

Stem (height 5-11 cm): white or yellowish, with a pronounced ring, which often disappears in mature mushrooms. Usually smooth, sometimes slightly pubescent, very fragile.

Twins: toadstool-like fly agaric (Amanita citrina) and yellow-brown (Amanita fulva). But the toadstool on the cut gives off the smell of raw potatoes, and the yellow-brown leg has no thickening and remains of the bedspread.

When it grows: from early May to mid-September in temperate countries of the Eurasian continent.

Where to find: On sandy soils of all types of forests.

Eating: not consumed.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Other names: Straw yellow fly agaric.

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Hunting, Fishing and Mushrooms: a magazine for hunters and fishers.
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