Plush webcap

Plush webcap (Cortinarius orellanus) Plush webcap (Cortinarius orellanus) Plush webcap (Cortinarius orellanus)

Plush webcap (Cortinarius orellanus)


  • Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
  • Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
  • Family: Cortinariaceae (Spiderwebs)
  • Genus: Cortinarius (Webcap)
  • Species: Cortinarius orellanus (Plush Webcap)
    Other names for the mushroom:
  • Mountain webcap
  • Spiderweb orange-red

Other names:

  • Mountain webcap

  • Spiderweb orange-red

Plush webcap (Cortinarius orellanus) Description: Teddy webcap (Cortinarius orellanus) has a dry, matte cap, covered with small scales, having a diameter of 3-8.5 cm, at the beginning hemispherical, then flat, with an expressionless tubercle, orange or brown-red with a golden tint. All of them are distinguished by non-slip, always dry fruit bodies, a felt-silky cap and a slender, not thickened leg. Plates are colored from orange to rusty brown.

Distribution: The plush webcap is a relatively rare species. In some countries, it has not yet been found. In Europe, it grows mainly in autumn (sometimes at the end of summer) in deciduous, and occasionally in coniferous forests. It forms mycorrhiza mainly with oak and birch. Most often appears on acidic soils. Learning to recognize this extremely dangerous mushroom is very difficult, since there are many similar species; because of this, even for a specialist, it is not easy to determine a plush webcap.


Plush webcap – deadly poisonous. Contains the poisonous substance orellanin, which causes pathological changes in the kidneys. Signs of poisoning appear 3-14 days after ingestion of the mushroom. The mushroom retains its toxic properties after boiling in water or drying.

Teddy webcap, like other types of cobwebs, until 1960 was considered a harmless mushroom. The prevailing opinion was that among the huge number of cobwebs (more than 400 species of them grow in Europe alone) there are only bitter inedible species and relatively tasty species that are suitable for writing.

However, after frequent poisonings that took place in Poland, many of which were fatal, it was possible to establish that the culprit was a plush spider web – a mushroom smelling of radish and a pleasant taste. During chemical analysis, several poisonous compounds were discovered in its fruits – orellanin, cortinarin, benzoinin, etc. days. Then there is a rapid deterioration in the human condition, impaired renal function and death.

Plush webcap (Cortinarius orellanus) Plush webcap (Cortinarius orellanus) Plush webcap (Cortinarius orellanus)

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Hunting, Fishing and Mushrooms: a magazine for hunters and fishers.
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