Common line (Gyromitra esculenta)
- Department: Ascomycota (Ascomycetes)
- Subdivision: Pezizomycotina (Pesizomycotins)
- Class: Pezizomycetes (Pecicomycetes)
- Subclass: Pezizomycetidae (Pecicomycetes)
- Order: Pezizales
- Family: Discinaceae
- Genus: Gyromitra (line)
- Species: Gyromitra esculenta (Common line)
- Helvella mitra
- Helvella esculenta
- Physomitra esculenta
Ordinary stitching (Latin Gyromitra esculenta) is a species of marsupial mushrooms of the genus Gyromitra of the Discinaceae family of the order Pezizales; type species of the genus.
From the rhizin family. It is found quite rarely, on sandy, uncultivated soil, on forest edges, in clearings, on roadsides, paths, ditch edges. Fruiting from March to May.
Hat ∅ 2-13 cm, first chestnut brown, then dark brown, irregularly rounded, cerebral-fold, hollow.
The leg is 3-9 cm high, 2-4 cm, whitish, grayish, yellowish or reddish, cylindrical, furrowed or folded, often flattened, hollow, dry.
The pulp is whitish, waxy, very fragile. The taste and smell are pleasant.
Sometimes an ordinary line is confused with a morel. These mushrooms have a different cap shape. The lines are irregularly rounded, the morel is ovate.
Video about a mushroom Ordinary lines:
An ordinary line is a deadly poisonous mushroom!
In recent years, a strong toxin has been found in the lines – gyromitrin. After heat treatment and drying, it is not destroyed! Its content directly depends on the place of growth. The strongest concentration is found in areas of Germany. On the territory of Russia, there have been no deaths from the use of the ordinary line, however, this mushroom should be used with extreme caution and in moderation.
Photo of a mushroom A common line from the questions in recognition:
2019.05.26 Anatoly Grebenyuk 2019.01.07 Vitalij 2017.02.18 vyacheslav