Mushroom hedgehog: photo and description

Mushroom hedgehog: photo and descriptionThe hedgehog mushroom growing in coniferous or mixed forests, mainly under the pines, is referred to in various reference books as edible or conditionally edible. The taste qualities of all types of hedgehog (variegated, yellow and others) are low, however, these mushrooms may well be used in cooking, since they do not contain toxic substances.

We bring to your attention a photo of various species of the hedgehog mushroom, as well as a description of these gifts of the forest and recommendations for their use.

Hericium variegated (tiled)

Category: conditionally edible.

Hat Sarcodon imbricatus (diameter 4-15 cm): brown or grayish, with even darker scales arranged in even circles. In young mushrooms, the scales are soft and velvety, but over time they become rather hard and larger. In adulthood, they can completely fall off, leaving the surface of the cap absolutely smooth. The shape gradually changes from convex to depressed, and sometimes becomes funnel-shaped.

Mushroom hedgehog: photo and descriptionMushroom hedgehog: photo and description

Pay attention to the photo of the herringbone's hat – it was initially raised, then bent inward.

Thanks to the outgrowths-scales on the cap, the mushroom was named in Latin as tiled blackberries.

Leg (height 2-6 cm): smooth or slightly fibrous, of the same color as the cap, less often purple or lilac. Strong and thick, it is cylindrical and tapers from bottom to top. It can be both hollow and solid.

Flesh: off-white or grayish, juicy in young mushrooms, with a pleasant spicy aroma, in old ones – dry and hard, with a rotten smell.

The spotted hedgehog was first described by Karl Linnaeus in 1753.

Look-alikes: a rough hairy man (Sarcodon scabrosus), but it has a much smaller cap, and a very rare pineal pineal mushroom (Strobilomyces floccopus), whose cap is more variegated.

Other names: sheathed hedgehog, scaly hedgehog, granulated sarcodon, motley sarcodon, kolchak, hawk

When it grows: from mid-August to mid-October in temperate countries of the Eurasian continent.

Where can you find it: on sandy soils of coniferous or mixed forests, most often next to pine trees.

Eating: Considered a low quality mushroom. Young black hairs are suitable for salting or as a seasoning, but only after the obligatory boiling for 8-10 minutes.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Important! Raw variegated barnacles can cause very severe eating disorders, therefore it is recommended to eat them only after heat treatment.

Mushroom hedgehog comb

Category: edible.

Mushroom hedgehog: photo and descriptionMushroom hedgehog: photo and description

The fruit body of the Hericium erinaceus (up to 25 cm, weight about 2 kg): cream, yellowish or white, usually round, oval or irregular in shape.

Flesh: fleshy, white in color, which changes to yellowish when dry.

Doubles: none.

When it grows: from early August to mid-October in the Crimea, the Far East and China.

Where can you find it: on the trunks of weakened or diseased trees, most often at the site of a break in the bark or branches of birches, beech or oak trees.

Usage: the black barnacle is a rare mushroom, therefore it is not very widely available. It tastes like shrimp meat.

Application in folk medicine (data have not been confirmed and have not undergone clinical trials!): For the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract – gastritis, ulcers, stomach oncology.

It is widely used in oriental medicine as a powerful immunostimulant.

Other names: Hericium comb, mushroom noodles, lion's mane.

The French call the combed hedgehog Pom-Pom blanc, that is, 'mushroom pom-pom', the Chinese call 'houtougu' – 'monkey head', and the English call lion's mane mushroom, which means 'lion's mane'. The Japanese name 'yamabushitake' is also quite common.

Hericium yellow and photo of the mushroom

Category: edible.

Mushroom hedgehog: photo and descriptionMushroom hedgehog: photo and description

Hat of the yellow sheepskin (Hydnum repandum) (diameter 4-15 cm): light red or light orange, darkens noticeably as it ripens or with strong pressure. Very uneven, dense and fleshy, slightly convex, almost flat in the old mushroom. The edges are usually curved downward. On the inside of the cap there are spines, thanks to which the hedgehog got its name. If the mushroom grows in a well-lit area, it will strongly fade under the influence of sunlight and become almost white or light yellow.

Leg (yellow hedgehog, height 2-8 cm): cylindrical, usually widening downward. Often curved, with a smooth, dry surface. Usually yellow, like the cap, it darkens as it ripens.

Flesh: white or yellow, very brittle. As the fungus ages, it darkens and becomes hard. Has a rich fruity aroma. The old hedgehog has a bitter taste.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Mushroom hedgehog: photo and descriptionMushroom hedgehog: photo and description

Doubles: Edible red-yellow hedgehog (Hydnum rufescens). Only it is smaller in size and has a more intensely colored cap.

When it grows: from mid-June to the end of October in the temperate climate of the countries of the Eurasian continent and North America, practically throughout Russia.

Mushroom hedgehog: photo and descriptionMushroom hedgehog: photo and description

Where to find it: On calcareous soil in coniferous and deciduous forests, often near birches and small shrubs. Can form wide 'witch circles'.

Eating: almost any form – fried, boiled or salted. But first, it is necessary to soak in order to remove possible residual bitterness.

Other names: emblematic blackberry, emblematic hydnum, emarginate dentinum, deaf chanterelle.

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Hunting, Fishing and Mushrooms: a magazine for hunters and fishers.
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