Morel thick-legged

Morel (Morchella crassipes)

Systematics:

  • Department: Ascomycota (Ascomycetes)
  • Subdivision: Pezizomycotina (Pesizomycotins)
  • Class: Pezizomycetes (Pecicomycetes)
  • Subclass: Pezizomycetidae (Pecicomycetes)
  • Order: Pezizales
  • Family: Morchellaceae (Morels)
  • Genus: Morchella (Morel)
  • Species: Morchella crassipes

Morel (Morchella crassipes)

The thick-legged morel (Morchella crassipes) is a mushroom of the Morechkov family, belongs to rare species and is even listed in the Ukrainian Red Book.

External description

The fruit body of the thick morel is thick and large. In height, this mushroom can reach 23.5 cm.The diameter of the cap of the thick-legged morel varies within 3-5 (10) cm, and its height is from 5 to 8.5 cm.It is yellowish-gray in color, it can be oval or cylindrical in shape. conical. The edges of the cap, especially in mature mushrooms, grow to the stem, and deep grooves can often be seen on its surface.

The leg of the described species is thick, hilly, in length it can reach from 4 to 17 cm. The diameter of the leg varies in the range of 4-8 cm. It is more often yellowish-white in color, contains uneven longitudinally located grooves on its surface. The inner part of the leg is hollow, with brittle, fragile pulp. The seed material of the fungus – spores, is collected in cylindrical bags, each of which contains 8 spores. The spores themselves are characterized by a smooth surface, an ellipsoid shape, and a light yellow color. Spore powder – cream color.

Season and habitat of the fungus

The thick-legged morel (Morchella crassipes) prefers to grow in deciduous forests, with a predominance of such trees as hornbeam, poplar, ash. This species gives a good harvest on fertile soils enriched with organic matter. Often grows in moss-covered areas. Fruiting bodies of Tolstopod morels begin to appear in spring, in April or May. It can be found singly, but more often – in groups consisting of 2-3 fruiting bodies. You can find this type of mushroom in Central and Western Europe, as well as in North America.

Edibility

The described species is considered the largest among all varieties of morels. Fat-legged morels are rare, and occupy an intermediate position between species such as Morchellaesculenta and Morchella vulgaris. They are soil-forming fungi and are conditionally edible.

Morel (Morchella crassipes)

Similar types and differences from them

The characteristic features of the appearance of the thick-legged morel do not allow this species to be confused with any other from the Morel family.

Other information about the mushroom

The reasons for the change in the number of thick-legged morels have not yet been determined, so mycologists should work in this direction. The mushroom is one of the representatives of the collection of cap mushrooms at the Ukrainian Institute of Botany, named after M. Kholodny.

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Hunting, Fishing and Mushrooms: a magazine for hunters and fishers.
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