Melanoleuca black and white (Melanoleuca melaleuca)
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Tricholomataceae (Tricholomaceae or Ordinary)
- Genus: Melanoleuca (Melanoleuca)
- Species: Melanoleuca melaleuca (Melanoleuca black and white)
Melanoleuca black and white is an edible lamellar mushroom that grows singly from late July to mid September. Most often, it can be found in open areas of mixed and deciduous forests, in gardens, parks, meadows and along roadsides.
The cap The cap of the mushroom is convex, gradually flattens during growth, becoming prostrate, with a slight bulge in the middle. Its diameter is about 10 cm. The surface of the cap is smooth, matte, with a slightly pubescent edge, painted in a grayish brown color. In hot dry summers it fade to a pale brown color, retaining its original color only in the center.
Plates Plates are very frequent, narrow, widened in the middle, adherent, first white and then beige.
Spores White spore powder. Spores ovoid-ellipsoidal, rough.
Leg The leg is thin, rounded, 5-7 cm long and about 0.5-1 cm in diameter, slightly widened, with a nodule or curved base, dense, fibrous, longitudinally ribbed, with longitudinal black hair fibers, brownish-brownish . Its surface is matte, dry, brownish in color, on which longitudinal black furrows are clearly visible.
Pulp The pulp in the cap is soft, loose, elastic in the stem, fibrous, initially light gray, brown in mature mushrooms. Has a subtle spicy scent.
Places and times of collection Melanoleuca black and white most often settles on rotting brushwood and fallen trees in forests. In deciduous and mixed forests, parks, gardens, meadows, glades, forest edges, in light, usually grassy places, along roadsides. Singles and in small groups, not often. In the Moscow region, it is common, throughout the region from May to October.
It is considered an edible mushroom, used fresh (boiled for about 15 minutes). Poisonous species are not found among representatives of the genus Melanoleuca. It is better to collect only caps that can be boiled or fried, the legs are fibrous-rubbery, inedible. The mushroom is edible, little known. Consumed fresh and salted.