Lobules (Helvella lacunosa)
- Department: Ascomycota (Ascomycetes)
- Subdivision: Pezizomycotina (Pesizomycotins)
- Class: Pezizomycetes (Pecicomycetes)
- Subclass: Pezizomycetidae
- Order: Pezizales
- Family: Helvellaceae (Helvellaceae)
- Genus: Helvella (Helvella)
- Species: Helvella lacunosa (Lobules)
The synonyms for the name of the mushroom are:
The lobe is furrowed;
- Costapeda lacunosa;
- Helvella sulcata.
Lobule (Helvella lacunosa) is a variety of mushrooms of the Helwell family, the genus Helvell or Lobaceous.
External description of the mushroom
The fruit body of the fungus consists of a stem and a cap. The width of the cap is 2-5 cm, the shape of which is either irregular or saddle-shaped. Its edge is free in relation to the leg, and the cap itself has 2-3 blades in its composition. The upper disc part of the cap has a darkish color, close to gray or black. Its surface is smooth or slightly wrinkled. Below the cap is smooth, grayish.
The height of the mushroom leg is 2-5 cm, and the thickness is from 1 to 1.5 cm. Its color is gray, but it darkens with age. The surface of the leg is furrowed, with folds, expands downward.
The color of fungal spores is predominantly white or colorless. The spores are characterized by an elliptical shape, 15-178-12 microns in size. The spore walls are smooth, and each spore contains one oil drop.
Habitat and fruiting season
Lobules (Helvella lacunosa) grows on soils in coniferous and deciduous forests, mainly in groups. The fruiting period is in summer or autumn. The mushroom is widespread on the Eurasian continent. In North America, this species has never been found, but in the western part of the continent there are similar varieties, Helvella dryophila and Helvella vespertina.
Fissured lobster (Helvella lacunosa) belongs to the category of conditionally edible mushrooms, and it becomes edible only after thorough preliminary steaming. The mushroom can be fried.
Similar species, distinctive features from them
A similar type of mushroom is the curly lobe (Helvella crispa), which varies in color from cream to beige.
Photo of the Lobster mushroom pit from the questions in recognition:
2016.12.08 2019.08.15 Oleg 2016.10.28 Julia