Large lacquer (Laccaria proxima)
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Hydnangiaceae (Hydnangiaceae)
- Genus: Laccaria (Lakovica)
- Species: Laccaria proxima
- Clitocybe proxima
- Laccaria proximella
The closest lacquer (Laccaria proxima), which is also called the close lacquer or large lacquer, is a fungus belonging to the Hydnangiaceae family, the Laccaria genus.
External description of the mushroom
The fruit body of the proximal lacquer (Laccaria proxima) consists of a cap and a stem, differs in small thickness, but at the same time it is quite fleshy. The diameter of the caps of an adult mushroom is from 1 to 5 (sometimes 8.5) cm, in immature mushrooms it has a hemispherical shape. As it matures, the cap opens to an irregularly conical shape with chopped off edges (sometimes the shape of the cap becomes flattened-conical). Often the edges of the cap are unevenly wavy, and there is a depression in its central part. Often the edges of the cap are torn, and 1/3 of it is characterized by radially located translucent stripes. In the center, the cap is characterized by the presence of radially arranged fibers, sometimes scales are visible on it. The color of the nearest lacquer cap is predominantly orange-brown, rusty or red-brown. In the center of the cap, the shade is slightly darker than in other parts of it.
The mushroom flesh is the same color as the surface of the mushroom, however at the base of the stem it is often a dirty purple. The pulp has a pleasant mushroom taste, and the smell resembles an earthy, sweet-mushroom aroma.
The fungal hymenophore is characterized by sparsely located plates. Often the plates descend along the leg with teeth, or grow to it. In young mushrooms, the lacquers of the nearest lamina have a bright pink color; as they ripen, they darken, becoming dirty pink.
The proximal lacquer (Laccaria proxima) has a cylindrical stem, sometimes widened in the lower part. Its length varies between 1.8-12 (17) cm, and its thickness is 2-10 (12) mm. The color of the stem is reddish-brown or orange-brown; longitudinal cream or white fibers are visible on its surface. At its base, there is usually a light white edging.
Fungal spores are white in color, ranging in size from 7.5-116-9 microns. The spore shape generally resembles an ellipse or wide ellipse. On the surface of fungal spores, there are small spines from 1 to 1.5 µm in height.
Habitat and fruiting season
The area of the proximal lacquer (Laccaria proxima) is quite extensive and cosmopolitan. The fungus prefers to grow in wooded areas with coniferous and deciduous trees. Grows in small colonies or singly. The distribution of this type of varnish is not as great as in the case of pink varnish. Fruiting occurs throughout the summer and the first half of autumn. The nearest lacustrine settles mainly in damp and mossy areas of the forest.
In most manuals on mushroom cultivation, lacustrine close is noted as an edible mushroom with a low level of nutritional value. It is sometimes attributed to the clarification that this variety of varnish has the ability to accumulate arsenic, which makes it dangerous to human health.
Similar species, distinctive features from them
In appearance, the nearest lacquer (Laccaria proxima) resembles a pink lacquer (Laccaria laccata). True, that leg is perfectly smooth; therefore, it is distinguished from Laccaria proxima by the absence of spines and scales.
Another fungus, similar to the nearest lacquer (Laccaria proxima), is called bicolor lacquer (Laccaria bicolor). The plates of that mushroom have a lilac color, which is uncharacteristic for a close varnish.
All varieties of varnishes, named in this article, grow mixed in the forests of Russia. In drier areas, bicolor and pink varnishes grow, but Laccaria proxima prefers to grow in swampy, swampy and damp areas. A distinctive feature of large varnishes is that they do not spread over the ground as a solid carpet, so when collecting the mushroom picker will not trample them. The main distinguishing feature of this type of mushroom is a rough, as if cut with a knife, leg. When you feel it, you get the impression that some would-be mushroom picker simply did not complete the work.
A photo of the Lakovitsa mushroom is a big question in recognition:
2017.02.07 Igor 2016.11.08 Sasha 2017.02.09 Oksana