Krasnoustka cinnabar red

Cinnabar red (Calostoma cinnabarina) Cinnabar red (Calostoma cinnabarina) Cinnabar red (Calostoma cinnabarina)

Cinnabar red (Calostoma cinnabarina)

Systematics:

  • Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
  • Order: Boletales
  • Family: Calostomataceae (Calostomaceae)
  • Genus: Calostoma (Krasnoustka)
  • Species: Calostoma cinnabarina (Krasnoustka cinnabar-red)

Synonyms:

  • Mitremyces cinnabarinus
  • Krasnoustka brick-red

Krasnoustka cinnabar red

Cinnabar-red Krasnoustka is an inedible gasteromycete mushroom of the Pseudo-rain family. It is distinguished by a bright red color of the fruit body, in young mushrooms covered with a thick gelatinous bloom. Distributed and common in North America; Found in Russia in the south of Primorsky Krai.

The fruit body is round or tuberous, 1–2 cm in diameter, in young mushrooms from red to red-orange, as the remnants of the outer shell disappear, it fades to pale orange or light brown, in young mushrooms it is enclosed in a three-layer shell. In the early stages, it develops underground.

False pedicle well developed, 1.5-4 cm long, 10-15 mm in diameter, porous, pitted, surrounded by a gelatinous membrane; formed by densely intertwined hyaline mycelial strands. As the mushroom matures, the stem lengthens, raising the fruiting body above the substrate; in this case, the outer shell of the fruiting body breaks (in the direction from stem to apex, or from apex to stem) and peels off, or falls off in fragments.

The spore mass in young mushrooms is white; in mature mushrooms it becomes yellowish or light brown, powdery.

Krasnoustka brick-red

It is widespread and common in North America – in the east and southeast of the United States, in Mexico, Costa Rica, in the southern part of the range reaching Colombia. In the Eastern Hemisphere, it is found in China, Taiwan, India. On the territory of the Russian Federation, it occurs in the south of the Primorsky Territory, in oak forests. It is listed as a rare species in the Red Book of Primorsky Krai (as of October 01, 2001).

There is no similarity with other mushrooms. It differs from other fungi-gasteromycetes with a bright red shell and the presence of a brightly colored peristome at the apex of the fruiting body.

Inedible.

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Hunting, Fishing and Mushrooms: a magazine for hunters and fishers.
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