Inedible russula: what types of mushrooms are not edible

Inedible russula: what types of mushrooms are not edibleIn the minds of many, the opinion is ingrained that russula are exclusively edible mushrooms, because their very name speaks for itself: these mushrooms can be eaten raw, therefore, they are safe. Indeed, even inedible russules do not contain toxic substances, but it is still not recommended to eat them because of the unpleasant, bitter, sometimes very pungent taste.

On this page, we will tell you about which russula are inedible (pungent-caustic, birch, blood-red and others), where they grow, and also show the inedible russula in the photo.

Caustic russula (pungently caustic, emetic) and its photo

Category: inedible.

The pungent russula (Russula emetica) is often called the pungent russula or the pungent russula.

Mushroom cap (5-10 cm diameter): red, purple or bright pink.

Inedible russula: what types of mushrooms are not edibleInedible russula: what types of mushrooms are not edible

Pay attention to the photo of a caustic (vomit) russula: the edges of the cap are usually lighter than the center. Depending on the age of the fungus, it can be hemispherical, slightly convex, prostrate or depressed. The peel is sticky and moist, it is easily separated from the pulp.

Leg of caustic (vomit) russula (height 4-7 cm): very brittle, hollow, cylindrical. Usually white, but may be pinkish at the very base.

Plates: white, wide, medium frequency.

Inedible russula: what types of mushrooms are not edibleInedible russula: what types of mushrooms are not edible

In the photo of the pungent russula, it can be seen that its flesh is whitish and very thin, in young mushrooms it is dense, but becomes loose with age. It does not have a pronounced aroma, it tastes very pungent.

Doubles: none.

When it grows: from mid-July to the end of September in almost all European countries.

A pungent russula can be found in damp areas of coniferous and mixed forests.

Eating: It is considered inedible due to its pungent and bitter taste, but some mushroom pickers consume russula after long boiling.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable. Top view of pungent russula

Blood-red russula mushroom

Category: inedible.

The name of the blood-red russula (Russula sanguinea) is Latin for 'bloodthirsty' or 'bloodthirsty'.

Hat (diameter 5-11 cm): various shades of red – pink, crimson, scarlet or carmine, but in hot weather it can fade to a pale pink. In dry weather, matte, and in wet weather, shiny and slightly sticky. Fleshy, smooth or slightly wrinkled. In young mushrooms, it has a hemispherical shape, and in older mushrooms it is spread or slightly depressed. The skin is easily removed only at the edges, wavy or slightly ribbed.

Inedible russula: what types of mushrooms are not edibleInedible russula: what types of mushrooms are not edible

Look at the photo of this inedible mushroom: the blood-red russula has a solid, smooth leg of a bright pink hue (less often grayish), from 3 to 8 cm high. The shape of the leg is cylindrical or clavate.

Blades: narrow and frequent, white or cream colored, sometimes with yellow spots.

Pulp: firm and white, odorless, but with a pungent taste.

Doubles: pink-footed russula (Russula rhodopus) with a pleasant mild taste, the cap of which shines even in dry weather; marsh russula (Russula helodes) with a lighter stem, growing exclusively among mosses; brown russula (Russula xerampelina) with a darker color and the smell of raw herring.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Other names: russula sardonyx.

When it grows: from mid-August to late September.

Where can you find it: on sandy and acidic soils of pine and mixed forests, occasionally in open spaces.

Eating: the mushroom is inedible.

Inedible mushroom russula spicy (Russula sardonia)

Category: inedible.

Inedible russula: what types of mushrooms are not edibleInedible russula: what types of mushrooms are not edible

Cap of russula (Russula sardonia) (diameter 4-10 cm): lilac, light purple, purple, the center can be almost black or with a greenish tint.

In young mushrooms, the cap is convex, in adults and old ones it is slightly depressed. Edges are either smooth or slightly ribbed. The skin grows very tightly to the pulp.

Leg (height 4-9 cm): solid, even and smooth, pink or purple.

Plates: frequent and narrow, yellow.

Flesh: yellow and very pungent.

Doubles: none.

When it grows: from late August to early October practically throughout the temperate zone of the Eurasian continent.

Inedible russula: what types of mushrooms are not edibleInedible russula: what types of mushrooms are not edible

Where can you find it: on sandy soils of pine or spruce forests.

Eating: the mushroom is inedible.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Birch russula mushroom (Russula betularum)

Inedible russula: what types of mushrooms are not edibleCategory: inedible.

Birch russula hat (Russula betularum) (diameter 3-7 cm): from beige or yellow to pinkish or lilac tinged. As with other russula, in young mushrooms it is slightly convex or hemispherical, and over time it becomes almost flat or slightly depressed. The skin, slippery in wet weather, easily peels off the pulp.

Leg (height 3-9 cm): in the form of a cylinder or club, usually white. It is very fragile, depending on the age of the fungus, it can be either solid or hollow.

Blades: white and frequent, can be attached or almost completely free, and sometimes torn.

Flesh: white, very fragile and pungent in taste. Has a scent similar to that of fruits, honey or coconut.

Doubles: related russula most graceful (Russula gracillima), brittle (Russula fragilis) and caustic (Russula emetica). The most graceful one differs from birch in a paler color and smaller in size. In a brittle skin, it is easily removed from the cap only halfway, and a caustic russula, larger and richer in color, grows next to conifers.

Where can you find it: in damp areas of the forest or near swamps. As the name implies, it prefers to grow next to birches.

Eating: very corrosive, therefore not used in cooking.

When it grows: from mid-June to early October. Listed in the Red Data Books of Denmark, France, Norway

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

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Hunting, Fishing and Mushrooms: a magazine for hunters and fishers.
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