Scarlet hygrocybe (Hygrocybe coccinea)
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Hygrophoraceae (Hygrophoric)
- Genus: Hygrocybe (Hygrocybe)
- Species: Hygrocybe coccinea (Hygrocybe scarlet)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Hygrocybe red
- Crimson hygrocybe
Hygrocybe scarlet, (Latin Hygrocybe coccinea) – a mushroom of the Hygrophoraceae family. It is characterized by small fruiting bodies with a red cap and stem and yellow or red plates.
Hat: More or less bell-shaped (in old shrunken specimens, however, it can be extended, and even with a notch instead of a tubercle), 2-5 cm in diameter. The color is quite variable, from deep scarlet to dull orange, depending on growing conditions, weather and age. The surface is small-bumpy, but the flesh is rather thin, orange-yellow, without a distinct smell and taste.
Plates: Sparse, thick, adherent, branched, cap color.
Spore powder: White. Spores are ovoid or ellipsoidal.
Leg: 4-8 cm in height, 0.5-1 cm in thickness, fibrous, solid or made, often as if 'flattened' from the sides, in the upper part of the cap color, in the lower part – lighter, up to yellow.
Distribution: Scarlet hygrocybe is found in all kinds of meadows from late summer to late autumn, apparently preferring infertile soils, where hygrophoric soils traditionally do not meet serious competition.
Similar species: There are many red hygrocybes, and they can be distinguished with full confidence only through microscopic examination. However, most of the similar mushrooms are rare; Of the more or less common, popular authors point to the crimson hygrocybe (Hygrocybe punicea), which is much larger and more massive than the scarlet hygrocybe. This mushroom is easy to spot due to its bright red-orange color and small size.
Edible: Scarlet hygrocybe (Hygrocybe coccinea) mushroom is not poisonous, but it is not used as an edible mushroom even by experienced mushroom pickers, since it is not often found and is small in size.
Remarks Just one of the hygrocybs. If not for the color red, who would have remembered about it? However, we have seen both redder and more interesting – for example, the parrot hygrocybe radically changes color twice during the life cycle, and the crimson hygrocybe is very large. However, these mushrooms appear before a person, and even then not before everyone, once every seven years, but scarlet is always in sight. What, probably, is good. She must, in fact, be something good. Mushroom after all.
Photo of the mushroom Hygrocybe scarlet from the questions in recognition:
2018.11.18 Alexander 2019.11.28 Michael 2017.12.15 galina 2017.05.30 Oksana 2016.10.25 Dan