- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Incertae sedis (undefined)
- Order: Hymenochaetales
- Family: Hymenochaetaceae (Hymenochetes)
- Genus: Hymenochaete (Hymenochete)
- Species: Hymenochaete cruenta (Hymenochete purple)
Gimenochete purple is a species that belongs to the family of Hymenochetes.
It is a wood-dwelling fungus, prefers conifers (especially it likes to grow on fir). Usually grows on trunks, valezha, and dry branches. Due to its bright color, the hymenochete purple is easily recognized in nature.
Found everywhere, in Russia: the European part, the Urals, the Caucasus, Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Fruit bodies are very tightly attached, outstretched. The shape is round. Individual specimens often merge into a single whole, forming a settlement, reaching 10-12 centimeters in length. The fruiting body usually has a smooth surface. The color is wine-red, along the edges of the cap there is a narrow light border.
During the period of sporulation, the body of hymenochote purple is covered with a bloom of spores, which gives the mushroom a special bluish tint.
Basidoma hyphae are densely woven, the structure is multilayer: pubescence, cortical layer, median, lower cortical and most often bilayer hymenium.
Spores of hymenochete purpurea are cylindrical in shape.
The mushroom prefers to grow on fir, and thanks to its bright color it is easily recognized in nature.
A similar species is the hymenochete Murashkinsky. He, unlike purple, has pronounced bent basidiomas, two layers of hymenium and prefers to grow on rhododendron.