Giant Golovach

Giant bighead (Calvatia gigantea      ) Giant bighead (Calvatia gigantea) Giant bighead (Calvatia gigantea)

Giant bighead (Calvatia gigantea)

Systematics:

  • Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
  • Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
  • Family: Agaricaceae (Champignon)
  • Genus: Calvatia
  • Species: Calvatia gigantea (Golovac giant)
    Other names for the mushroom:
  • Giant raincoat
  • Langermany is giant

Other names:

  • The raincoat is giant;

  • Langermania is gigantic;

  • Bovista gigantea;

  • Langermannia gigantea;

  • Lycoperdon giganteum.

Calvatia gigantea

Giant Golovach is a type of mushroom from the genus Golovach of the Champignon family.

Langermania (bighead) giant (Calvatia gigantea) – the body of the mushroom fruit is in the shape of a ball or egg, flattened, sometimes up to 50 cm in diameter, at the base there is a thick tapered mycelial cord. Exoperidium is paper-like, very thin, quickly cracks into irregular pieces and disappears. The shell is thick and brittle, breaks into pieces of irregular shape and falls off, revealing a cotton-like inner pulp (gleba).

Calvatia gigantea

The pulp (gleba) is initially white, then yellow-green, when it is fully ripe it becomes olive brown. The outside color of the fruiting body is initially white, then gradually turns brown over time.

Spores are the most valuable medicine. They have a high antitumor effect. A medicine called calvacin was made from the mushroom, the properties of which have been tested on animals with cancer and sarcoma. This drug is active against 13 types of studied tumors out of 24. It is also used in folk medicine for the treatment of smallpox, laryngitis, urticaria, has anesthetic properties similar to chloroform.

Calvatia gigantea

Distribution – the mushroom can be found almost everywhere, but most often in the temperate zone. It is found alone, but having appeared in one place, it may disappear completely or not appear for a very long time. This type is called 'meteor'. On the territory of Russia, it was found in the European part, in Karelia, in the Far East, in Siberia in the Krasnoyarsk Territory. Also in the North Caucasus. Grows in mixed and deciduous forests, meadows, fields, pastures, in the steppes one by one.

Edible – the mushroom is edible at a young age, as long as the flesh is firm, firm and white.

Video about the giant Golovach mushroom:

Giant bighead (Calvatia gigantea) Giant bighead (Calvatia gigantea) Giant bighead (Calvatia gigantea)

Photo of a giant Golovach mushroom from the questions in recognition:

Calvatia gigantea - Giant Golovach Calvatia gigantea - Giant Golovach 2019.04.04 Yuriev Calvatia gigantea - Giant Golovach Calvatia gigantea - Giant Golovach 2018.10.02 Boris Calvatia gigantea - Giant Golovach Calvatia gigantea - Giant Golovach 2016.11.01 Diana Calvatia gigantea - Giant Golovach 2015.09.28 Novel Calvatia gigantea - Giant Golovach Calvatia gigantea - Giant Golovach Calvatia gigantea - Giant Golovach Calvatia gigantea - Giant Golovach 2018.08.30 Sergey Calvatia gigantea - Giant Golovach Calvatia gigantea - Giant Golovach 2017.08.02 Alexey

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Hunting, Fishing and Mushrooms: a magazine for hunters and fishers.
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