- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Hymenogastraceae (Hymenogastric)
- Genus: Galerina (Galerina)
- Species: Galerina marginata (Galerina bordered)
- Pholiota marginata
Photo by: Igor Lebedinsky
Galerina bordered (lat.Galerina marginata) is a species of poisonous mushrooms in the Strophariaceae family of the Agarikov order.
The cap of the gallery is bordered: 1-4 cm in diameter, the shape is bell-shaped or convex at first, with age it opens to almost flat. The cap itself is hygrophilous, changes appearance depending on humidity; the dominant color is yellow-brown, ocher, in wet weather – with more or less pronounced concentric zones. The flesh is thin, yellow-brown, with a weak, indefinite (possibly mealy) odor.
Plates: Medium frequency and wide, adherent, yellowish at the beginning, ocher, then reddish-brown. In young mushrooms, they are closed with a dense and thick white ring.
Spore powder: Rusty brown.
The leg of the gallery is bordered: Length 2-5 cm, thickness 0.1-0.5 cm, slightly thickened below, hollow, with a whitish or yellowish ring. The top of the ring is covered with a mealy bloom, the bottom is darker, the color of the cap.
Distribution: Bordered Galerina (Galerina marginata) grows from mid-June to October in forests of various types, preferring heavily decayed coniferous wood; often grows on a substrate immersed in the ground and therefore invisible. Fruiting in small groups.
Similar species: Galerina fringed can be very unsuccessfully mistaken for summer mushroom (Kuehneromyces mutabilis). In order to avoid fatal misunderstandings, it is strongly not recommended to collect summer mushrooms in coniferous forests (where they, as a rule, do not grow). It is difficult, if not impossible, to distinguish the bordered from many other members of the genus Galerina, but this is usually not necessary for a non-specialist. Moreover, recent genetic studies seem to have abolished similar types of gallerina, such as Galerina unicolor: all of them, despite their own morphological characteristics, are genetically indistinguishable from the bordered gallerina.
Edible: The mushroom is extremely poisonous. Contains toxins similar to those of Amanita phalloides.
Video about the mushroom Galerina bordered:
Remarks There is a lot of confusion with this gallery. In the Soviet popular publications about gallerina you will not find a half-word, despite its wide distribution in our country and presumably dangerous similarity with summer honey (and the similarity at times is simply striking). According to some sources, Bordered Galerina is endlessly poisonous, others ignore her altogether, and in one translated book she was combined with summer honey without a shadow of embarrassment, called Galerina mutabilis and presented as a good edible mushroom. And these are stupid Western reference books, in which even the Valui are considered deadly poisonous! Is it possible to work in such conditions?
However, if we assume that the bordered galley is really so poisonous, then the numerous poisonings by the 'pale toadstool' become not so mysterious. Doctors who determine mushroom poisoning are deadly far from mycology. And they determine that death occurred as a result of poisoning with toxins of a certain group, which, as even a baby knows, are contained in a pale toadstool. And the fact that exactly the same poisons can be found in Galerina bordered, and in some representatives of the genus Lepiota, is unknown to medical science—
Photo of the Galerina mushroom, bordered by the questions in recognition:
2017.09.24 Sergey 2018.08.30 Sergey 2018.03.12 Alexander 2017.11.24 Ivan 2016.11.23 2016.11.20