Feoklavulina fir

Feoklavulina fir (Phaeoclavulina abietina) Feoklavulina fir (Phaeoclavulina abietina) Feoklavulina fir (Phaeoclavulina abietina)

Feoklavulina fir (Phaeoclavulina abietina)


  • Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Subclass: Phallomycetidae (Veselkovye)
  • Order: Gomphales
  • Family: Gomphaceae (Gomfovy)
  • Genus: Phaeoclavulina (Feoklavulina)
  • Species: Phaeoclavulina abietina (Feoklavulina fir)


  • Ramaria ocher green

  • Fir Ramaria
  • Fir horned
  • Spruce horn
  • Spruce ramaria
  • Clavaria abietina
  • Merisma abietinum
  • Hydnum abietinum
  • Ramaria abietina
  • Clavariella abietina
  • Clavaria ochraceovirens
  • Clavaria virescens
  • Ramaria virescens
  • Ramaria ochrochlora
  • Ramaria ochraceovirens var. parvispora

Feoklavulina fir Phaeoclavulina abietina

As is often the case with mushrooms, Phaeoclavulina abietina 'walked' from one genus to another several times. This species was first described by Christian Hendrik Persoon in 1794 as Clavaria abietina. Kele (Lucien Quélet) transferred him to the Ramaria clan in 1898. Molecular analysis in the early 2000s showed that in fact the Ramariya genus is polyphyletic (in biological systematics, a group is called polyphyletic, in relation to which a closer relationship of its constituent subgroups with other groups that are not included in this group is considered proven).

In the English speaking countries, the spruce horn is known as' green-staining 'coral'. In the Nahuatl language (Aztec group), it is called 'xelhuas del veneno', which means 'poisonous broom'.


Fruiting bodies are coral. Tufts of 'corals' are small, 2-5 cm high and 1-3 cm wide, well branched. Individual branches are erect, sometimes slightly flattened. Near the very top, they are bifurcated or decorated with a kind of 'tuft'.

The stem is short, green to light olive. The matte whitish mycelium and rhizomorphs are clearly visible, leaving into the substrate.

Fruit body color in green-yellow tones: top from olive-ocher to dull ocher, the color is described as 'old gold', 'yellow ocher' or sometimes olive ('dark greenish olive', 'olive lake', 'brownish olive' , 'olive', 'spicy citrine'). On impact (pressure, break) or after collection (stored in a sealed bag), it quickly turns dark blue-green ('bottle glass green'), usually from the base gradually towards the tops, but always first at the point of impact.

The pulp is dense, leathery, the same color as the surface. When dry, it is fragile.

Smell: Subtle, described as the smell of damp earth. Taste: soft, sweetish, with a bitter aftertaste.

Spore powder: dark orange.

Season and distribution

Late summer – late autumn, depending on the region, from mid-late August to October-November. Grows on coniferous litter, on soil. It is found quite rarely, in coniferous forests throughout the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere. Forms mycorrhiza with pine.


Inedible. But some sources indicate the mushroom is 'conditionally edible', of poor quality, pre-cooking is required. Obviously, the edibility of Feoclavulinum fir depends on how strong the bitter aftertaste is. Perhaps the presence of bitterness depends on the growing conditions. There is no exact data.

Similar species

Common Ramaria (Ramaria Invalii) may look similar, but its flesh does not change color when injured.

Note The name 'Spruce Horn (Ramaria abietina)' is indicated as a synonym for both Phaeoclavulina abietina and Ramaria Invalii, in this case they are homonyms, and not the same species.

Photo: Boris Melikyan (Fungarium.INFO)

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Hunting, Fishing and Mushrooms: a magazine for hunters and fishers.
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