Fellinus black-limited

Black-confined polypore (Phellinus nigrolimitatus)

Systematics:

  • Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Subclass: Incertae sedis (undefined)
  • Order: Hymenochaetales
  • Family: Hymenochaetaceae (Hymenochetes)
  • Genus: Phellinus (Fellinus)
  • Species: Phellinus nigrolimitatus (Phellinus black-confined)

Polyporus nigrolimitatus :

  • Polyporus nigrolimitatus

  • Fomes nigrolimitatus
  • Cryptoderma nigrolimitatum
  • Ochroporus nigrolimitatus
  • Phellopilus nigrolimitatus
  • Fomes putearius

Black-confined polypore (Phellinus nigrolimitatus)

Description

Fruit bodies are perennial, of various shapes, from sessile caps, which can be either regular rounded or narrow, elongated, elongated along the substrate, sometimes tiled, to completely rezupinatny, 5-15 x 1-5 x 0.7-3 cm. When fresh, they are soft, have the consistency of a sponge or cork; when dried, they harden and become brittle. The surface of young fruit bodies is very soft, velvety, tomentose or hairy, rusty brown. With age, the surface becomes bare, becomes furrowed, takes on a chocolate brown tint and can become overgrown with moss. The sharp edge of the caps retains its yellow ocher color for a long time.

The fabric is two-layered, softer, light rusty brown over the tubes and denser and darker to the surface. The layers are separated by a thin black zone, which is clearly visible on the cut, like a black strip several millimeters wide, but sometimes – in large, intergrown, filling the depressions of the substrate of fruit bodies – it can reach 3 cm.

The hymenophore is smooth, uneven due to the irregular shape of the fruiting bodies, golden brown in young specimens, reddish brown or tobacco in more mature specimens. The edge is lighter. The tubules are layered, light brown or grayish brown, the annual layers are separated by black lines. The pores are round, small, 5-6 per mm.

Black-confined polypore (Phellinus nigrolimitatus)

Spores are thin-walled, from almost cylindrical to fusiform, widened at the base and narrowed at the distal end, 4.5-6.5 x 2-2.5 μm, hyaline, yellowish when mature.

Spread

It grows on softwood lumber and stumps, mainly spruce and fir, sometimes pine. It can also be found on processed wood. It is distributed throughout the taiga zone, but it does not tolerate human economic activity and prefers forests that have remained intact for several generations of trees, so the best place for it is mountain forests and reserves. Causes speckled rot.

Edibility

Inedible.

Photo: Wikipedia.

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Hunting, Fishing and Mushrooms: a magazine for hunters and fishers.
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