Gray dung beetle (Coprinopsis atramentaria)
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Psathyrellaceae (Psatirellaceae)
- Genus: Coprinopsis (Koprinopsis)
- Species: Coprinopsis atramentaria (Gray dung)
Ink mushroom gray
Gray dungweed (Latin Coprinopsis atramentaria) is a fungus of the genus Coprinopsis of the Psathyrellaceae family.
Gray dung beetle cap: The shape is ovoid, later becomes bell-shaped. The color is gray-brown, usually darker in the center, covered with small scales, and radical fibrillation is often noticeable. The height of the cap is 3-7 cm, the width is 2-5 cm.
Plates: Frequent, loose, at first white-gray, then darkening and eventually blurring with ink.
Spore powder: Black.
Stem: 10-20 cm long, 1-2 cm in diameter, white, fibrous, hollow. The ring is missing.
Distribution: Gray dung grows from spring to autumn in the grass, on the stumps of deciduous trees, on fertilized soils, along the edges of roads, in vegetable gardens, garbage dumps, etc., often in large groups.
Similar species: There are other similar dung beetles, but the size of Coprinus atramentarius does not allow it to be confused with any other species. All the others are much smaller.
Edibility: All sources, without exception, indicate that gray dung beetle contains substances incompatible with alcohol: the use of alcoholic beverages together with mushrooms, and also after that causes mild poisoning. For non-drinkers, the mushroom is quite good, although only young specimens are considered suitable for consumption. However, this is postulated for all dung beetles.
Notes: In my opinion, the gray dung beetle is far from the white one, Coprinus comatus. And yet the vicious charm of a garbage mushroom is inherent in no small degree to him. There is something special in all these shameless saprophytes –
By the way, unlike the white dung beetle, Coprinus atramentarius is not so strongly attached to the product after which the genus Coprinus was named. Gray dung beetle can be found on old rotten stumps, around old trees, and in the forest. That summer I watched an amazing picture: on an old, old overgrown clearing, along which no one ever traveled or even walked (there is no path on it, it goes from nowhere to nowhere, there is absolutely no one to walk there) I came across a funny patch. On several square meters, in the grass and thorns, they grew: Coprinus atramentarius (in fact, the title photo of the 'happy shamrock' is from there), some very large Conocybe, or mycena, you can't understand, then something resembling the description of a psatirella is gray -storm and a few smaller mitsen. Neither behind nor in front for many hundreds of meters did not come across anything interesting, but here it is right away. Where did it come from? Maybe someone secretly fertilized this unnamed place? Have you brought a wheelbarrow of dung? In theory, of course, it is possible –
Photo of a mushroom Gray dung from the questions in recognition:
2019.04.11 2016.10.24 Mikhail 2019.09.23 Alexander Kozlovskikh 2018.12.11 Sergey 2018.10.21 DANUTA