Curly Lobster (Helvella crispa)
- Department: Ascomycota (Ascomycetes)
- Subdivision: Pezizomycotina (Pesizomycotins)
- Class: Pezizomycetes (Pecicomycetes)
- Subclass: Pezizomycetidae
- Order: Pezizales
- Family: Helvellaceae (Helvellaceae)
- Genus: Helvella (Helvella)
- Species: Helvella crispa
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Helwell curly
Curly lobster, or Helvella crispa (lat.Helvella crispa) is a species of mushrooms belonging to the genus Lostnik, or Helvella, of the Helvellaceae family, a lectotype of the genus.
Curly loafer, among the inhabitants of the forest, is one of the few representatives of the Helwell family of mushrooms. And the word Helvella, literally translated from Latin, means: 'small vegetable', 'greens' or 'cabbage' and, in the best possible way, characterizes the very essence of this mushroom. In Russia, the genus Helwell is called differently, they are called blades, because of the characteristic structure of their cap in the form of a propeller blade. This is especially evident in other types of helwell. In total, there are 25 species of such mushrooms and 9 of them grow in Russia. And curly lobe, among all lobules, is not the most common mushroom. A characteristic feature of all lobules (helwell) is the content of a certain amount of toxins in their composition. Some of them contain the heavy toxin gyrometrin, others contain muscarine, which can be removed from them only partially and only during the drying process. Curly loafer, as well as common lobster, is considered by some sources as a conditionally edible mushroom with the taste of mushrooms of the fourth category. This is partly so, but also not so. Cases of poisoning with lobules have not yet been recorded, and the degree of poisoning with them directly depends on the number and frequency of their use. It is for this reason that curly lobe (or curly helwell) is best considered an inedible mushroom. And, therefore, it is highly undesirable to use it in food. Yes, and it is extremely rare in our area, and the taste is not at all tasty.
Curly lobster is a rather rare mushroom. And the main places of its growth can be considered deciduous and coniferous forests of Europe and the European part of Russia, in which it is found in small groups, often along forest roads and, unlike the common lobster (Helwella vulgaris), it grows not in spring, but in autumn – from early August to late October.
Curly loafer belongs to marsupial mushrooms, that is, its spores are located in the very body of the mushroom in the so-called 'bag'. His cap is folded, two to four lobed, irregular and incomprehensible in shape, with wavy or curly edges hanging down and, only in places, growing to the stem. The color of his cap is from waxy beige to pale ocher. The stem of the fungus is short, straight or slightly curved, slightly swollen at the base, with deep longitudinal grooves or folds, inside it is hollow. The color of the leg is white or ash gray. The pulp of the mushroom is thin and very brittle, waxy white, with a pleasant mushroom smell. But, all the same, it is not worth trying in the forest to taste curly lobe in its 'raw' form!
Curly Lobster – refers to conditionally edible mushrooms. (4th category)
Photo of the mushroom Curly Lobster from the questions in recognition:
2016.09.28 Sergey 2016.08.16 Evgeniya 2019.08.26 Vitalij 2017.10.13 Igor 2018.08.25 Constantine 2017.08.30 Konstantin