Conditionally edible milkmen: photo and description

Conditionally edible milkmen: photo and descriptionMillechnik is a conditionally edible mushroom of the Russula family. Milky mushrooms owe their name to the content of vessels with milky juice in the pulp, which flows out when the fruit body is damaged. In older specimens and in dry seasons, the milky sap dries up and may be absent.

Below you are invited to a photo and description of the milky mushroom of various types (faded, ordinary, orange, brown, brownish, hygrophoric, pungent, pungent, orange and stunted).

Mushroom common lactarius and its photo

Category: conditionally edible.

Lactarius trivialis cap (diameter 5-22 cm): shiny even in dry weather, with dark rings. Changes color and shape depending on the age of the fungus: in young mushrooms, it is dark and gray, rather convex; in old ones, purple and brown, and then ocher or yellow, flatter and even depressed. Dense, maybe with small dimples. The edges are wavy, curved, often curled inward.

Stem (height 4-10 cm): pale gray or light ocher, cylindrical, sometimes swollen, but always hollow. A little slimy and sticky.

Conditionally edible milkmen: photo and descriptionConditionally edible milkmen: photo and description

Pay attention to the photo of an ordinary milkman: its plates are frequent, thin (occasionally wide), mainly yellow or cream in color, with rusty spots.

Flesh: thick and fragile. Mostly white, but brownish under the skin itself, and red at the base. Milky sap is very bitter; when interacting with air, it changes color to yellow or slightly greenish. Has a peculiar smell reminiscent of fishy.

Doubles: none.

When it grows: from mid-July to late September.

Where to find it: In humid areas and lowlands of all types of forests, most often near pines, spruces and birches. Hiding in dense grass or moss. The ordinary milkman is not afraid of pests.

Eating: fresh or salted, subject to preliminary soaking to remove bitterness. When cooking, it changes color to bright yellow or orange. It is very popular in preparations for housewives in Finland.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Other names: gladysh, alder, nesting box, yellow nesting box, gray lump.

Faded milky: photo and application

Category: conditionally edible.

Faded lactarius cap (Lactarius vietus) (diameter 4-9 cm): gray, lilac, lilac or gray-brown, eventually fades to white or grayish. Slightly convex or outstretched. The center is slightly depressed, but with a slight tubercle and usually darker than the edges, which are curved towards the inner side. The surface is often uneven. It is sticky and damp to the touch, with sticky twigs or leaves.

Conditionally edible milkmen: photo and descriptionConditionally edible milkmen: photo and description

As you can see in the photo, the faded milkman has an even, sometimes slightly curved leg. Its height is 5-9 cm. The color is white or light brown, lighter than the cap. The shape is cylindrical.

Plates: thin, narrow and very frequent. Cream or ocher in color, gray at the point of depression.

Pulp: white or gray, with acrid milky juice. Thin, very fragile.

Doubles: none.

When it grows: from mid-August to early October.

Where to find: in deciduous and mixed forests, especially near birches. Prefers damp and swampy places.

The use of faded lactarius in cooking is limited – since the flesh of the mushroom is very thin, it is not very popular. Only the largest specimens are salted and pickled.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Other names: sluggish milky, marsh wave.

Edible mushroom brownish milky

Conditionally edible milkmen: photo and descriptionCategory: conditionally edible.

Brownish cap (Lactarius fuliginosus) (diameter 5-12 cm): brown or dark chocolate, fragile, changes shape from convex to strongly depressed. The edges are usually bent. Velvety to the touch.

Stem (height 5-11 cm): white or light brown, but always white at the base. Cylindrical, velvety to the touch.

Blades: frequent, pinkish or ocher.

Flesh: fragile and whitish, turns pink when cut and in contact with air. Has a pungent, but not bitter taste; freshly cut mushroom has a distinct fruit aroma.

Doubles: brown lactarius (Lactarius lignyotus), which has a darker cap and a longer stem.

When it grows: from early July to mid-September in the forests of Europe.

Where to find it: In deciduous forests next to oak and beech trees.

Brownish milky mushroom is considered edible due to the fact that it is more often eaten than other species. This mushroom is dried and salted, but only after careful heat treatment. In Russia, it is a traditional component of pickles, and the inhabitants of Western Europe consider it unsuitable for human consumption.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Other names: sooty milky, dark brown milky.

Brown milky mushroom

Category: conditionally edible.

Conditionally edible milkmen: photo and descriptionConditionally edible milkmen: photo and description

Hat of the brown lactarius (Lactarius lignyotus) (diameter 3-9 cm): dark chestnut or black-brown. In young mushrooms it is convex, often with a small tubercle in the center. Over time, it becomes prostrate, and later also depressed. Velvety to the touch, occasionally with a few wrinkles. The edges are always wavy and slightly pubescent.

Leg (height 4-10 cm): solid and solid, cylindrical, often of the same color as the cap or slightly lighter in color. Velvety to the touch.

Plates: wide, firmly attached to the cap. Usually white, slightly yellowish in older mushrooms, with pressure they acquire a distinct reddish tint.

Flesh: white or light yellow, becomes reddish when cut. Milky sap is watery and not caustic. There is no pronounced smell and taste, although almost all related mushrooms have a pleasant aroma.

Doubles: resinous black (Lactarius picinus) and brownish (Lactarius fuliginosus). But resinous black can be distinguished by an extremely caustic milky sap and a lighter color of the leg, and brownish grows exclusively in deciduous forests.

When it grows: from the beginning of August to the end of September in the countries of the Eurasian continent with a temperate climate and the Asian part of Russia.

Conditionally edible milkmen: photo and descriptionConditionally edible milkmen: photo and description

Where to find it: The brown milky can be found on acidic soils of coniferous forests.

Eating: exclusively caps (the legs are very hard), which are usually salted or pickled.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Other names: moorhead milk mushroom, woody milky.

Edible mushroom hygrophoroid lactarius (Lactarius hygrophoroides)

Conditionally edible milkmen: photo and descriptionCategory: edible.

Hat (diameter 4-10 cm): predominantly brown in color, sometimes with a brown or reddish tint. In young mushrooms, it is slightly convex or flat, and in older mushrooms it is slightly depressed. Dry to the touch.

Leg of the hygrophoroid lactarius (Lactarius hygrophoroides) (height 3-8 cm): dense, slightly lighter than the cap.

Plates: descending and rare, white or light cream color.

Pulp: very brittle, white, with white milky juice.

Doubles: red-brown milk mushroom (Lactarius volemus), in which, in contrast to the hygrophoroid, the milky juice changes color from white to brownish.

When it grows: from late June to mid-October in temperate countries of the Eurasian continent.

Where to find it: The hygrophoric milky can only be found in deciduous forests, most often next to oak trees.

Eating: fried, salted and pickled.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Lactic acid mushroom (Lactarius pyrogalus)

Category: conditionally edible.

Conditionally edible milkmen: photo and descriptionConditionally edible milkmen: photo and description

Hat (diameter 4-7 cm): from flesh to olive or cream. In young mushrooms it is rounded with a pronounced apex, in mature mushrooms it is concave with slightly wavy edges. Covered with mucus, the amount of which increases significantly in wet weather and after rain.

Leg (height 3-7 cm): similar in color to the cap, dense and slightly narrowed. Older mushrooms can be completely hollow.

Plates: light yellow, sparse and thick.

Flesh: firm, off-white or light gray in color. When broken, it emits a very pleasant mushroom smell. The taste is pungent, which is why the mushroom got its name.

The twins of the lactic acid (Lactarius pyrogalus): pale lactarius (Lactarius vietus), hornbeam (Lactarius circellatus), neutral (Lactarius quietus) and sharp (Lactarius acris). The faded one can be distinguished by the purple shade of the cap and the neighboring tree (grows under birches), and hornbeam grows exclusively under hornbeams. A neutral lactarius has a pungent odor and a darker cap color. The pungent has a milky sap that turns red in the air, while the sap of the burning red milky is white or light yellow and does not darken.

The stinging milky milky grows from mid-August to early October in many countries of Europe and Asia.

Conditionally edible milkmen: photo and descriptionConditionally edible milkmen: photo and description

Where can you find it: in deciduous forests, mostly near hazel, or dense bushes. Prefers illuminated forest areas. You will never find a stinging milky milky in the dark and humid lowlands.

Eating: only in salted form.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Other names: burning milky, garden milky.

Orange milky mushroom and its photo

Category: conditionally edible.

Orange cap (Lactarius mitissimus) (diameter 4-12 cm): usually orange or deep apricot color, very thin. In young mushrooms, it is slightly convex or flat, eventually changing to funnel-shaped.

Leg (height 3-11 cm): cylindrical, one color with a cap. In young mushrooms, it is dense, often becomes hollow over time.

Plates: not very frequent, cream colored.

Conditionally edible milkmen: photo and descriptionConditionally edible milkmen: photo and description

If you look closely at the photo of the orange milkman, you can see bright red spots on its plates.

Flesh: firm, usually light orange. Has no pronounced smell and taste.

Doubles: young brownish lactarius (Lactarius fuliginosus), but it has a darker cap color and a long stem.

When it grows: from mid-July to early October in temperate countries of the Eurasian continent.

Where you can find: The non-caustic miller is found by mushroom pickers in forests of various types, usually next to oaks, spruces and birches. It can bury itself very deeply in moss litter.

Eating: usually salted or pickled.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Other names: non-caustic milkman.

Conditionally edible milky mushroom stunted

Category: conditionally edible.

Lactarius tabidus hat (diameter 3-7 cm): red, orange or brick. In young mushrooms it is convex and with a small tubercle in the center; in mature mushrooms it is spread or even slightly depressed.

Leg (height 2-6 cm): one color or slightly lighter than the cap.

Conditionally edible milkmen: photo and descriptionConditionally edible milkmen: photo and description

Pay attention to the photo of the milky mushroom at a young age – their leg is slightly loose, over time it becomes completely hollow.

Plates: rather rare, the same color as the cap, but slightly lighter.

Flesh: white or slightly yellowish, with a pungent taste. Milky sap is also white, but darkens noticeably upon drying.

Doubles: rubella (Lactarius subdulcis), the milky juice of which does not change color.

When it grows: from mid-July to early September.

Where you can find: The stunted milkman is met by mushroom pickers in humid places of deciduous and mixed forests.

Eating: only fried.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Other names: gentle milkman.

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Hunting, Fishing and Mushrooms: a magazine for hunters and fishers.
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