Common scaly (Pholiota squarrosa)
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Strophariaceae
- Genus: Pholiota (Scaly)
- Species: Pholiota squarrosa (Common scaly)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Scaly fleecy
- Scaly scales
- Scale dry
Scale grows from mid-July to early October (massively from late August to late September) in different forests on dead and living wood, on trunks, at the base around the trunks, on the roots of deciduous (birch, aspen) and, less often, coniferous (spruce) trees , on stumps and around them, in groups-bunches, in colonies, not uncommon, annually Common scaly (Pholiota squarrosa) – fungi that live on wood, they can be saprotrophs and parasites. Young fruits have a veil that breaks later, and its remnants can remain at the edges of the cap or form a ring on the stem.
Common scaly – The most common type of scaly. It grows in Europe. North America and Japan, appearing in summer and autumn on roots, stumps and at the base of the trunks of beech, apple, spruce. It is an edible mushroom of poor quality as its flesh is tough and tastes bitter. Several related species are similar in color to common scaly. In autumn, mushroom pickers often confuse common scaly with autumn honeydew, but honeydew is never hard and large-scaled.
Common scaly (Pholiota squarrosa) has a cap with a diameter of 6-8 (sometimes up to 20) cm, at first hemispherical, then convex and convex-prostrate, with numerous protruding pointed, flat lagging large scales of ocher-brown, ocher-brown on a pale – yellow or pale ocher background.
The leg is 8-20 cm long and 1-3 cm in diameter, cylindrical, sometimes narrowed towards the base, dense, solid, one-color with a cap, rusty-brown at the base, with a scaly ring, above it is smooth, light, below it – with numerous concentric lagging ocher brown scales.
Plates: frequent, thin, adherent or slightly descending, light, yellowish-brownish, brownish-brownish with age. Spores: ocher spore powder
Flesh: Thick, fleshy, white or yellowish, according to the literature, it is reddish in the stem, without any special smell.
Video about the mushroom Scalychia:
An edible mushroom (according to some experts, conditionally edible, and even for some reason inedible), is used fresh (boiled for about 20 minutes) in the second courses, it tastes better when salted and marinated with spices. The spruce form tastes a little bitter, it is better to salt and pickle it. Legs are collected only from young mushrooms with an unopened cap and yellowish (not brownish-brown) flesh.
Photo of the fungus Common scaly from the questions in recognition:
2017.01.09 2019.09.20 Makar 2018.10.06 Valery 2016.10.18 Svetlana 2019.10.20 Evgeniy 2016.11.02 Evgeniy