Common pseudo-raincoat (Scleroderma citrinum)
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Boletales
- Family: Sclerodermataceae (Sclerodermaceae or False raincoats)
- Genus: Scleroderma (False Raincoat)
- Species: Scleroderma citrinum (Common pseudo-raincoat)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- False raincoat
- Raincoat orange
- Lemon raincoat
- Lemon raincoat
- Scleroderma citrinum
- Scleroderma aurantium
Fruit body: Fruit body up to 6 cm in ∅, tuberous, with a smooth or finely scaly shell, dirty yellow or brownish color. In the upper yellowish or ocher surface, when cracking, thick warts form. The lower part of the fruiting body is wrinkled and bare, slightly narrowed, with a bundle of tapered mycelium fibers. The shell (peridium) is rather thick (2-4 mm). In old age, the gleb turns into an olive-brown spore powder, and the shell at the top is torn into sections of different sizes.
The inner pulp (gleb) of the fruit body is white when young. At maturity, it is violet-black, permeated with white sterile fibers, then olive-brown, powdery, the smell resembles the smell of raw potatoes. Spores are globular, reticulate-warty, dark brown.
Spores: 7-15 µm, spherical, with spines on the surface and mesh ornamentation, black-brown.
Growth: Common puffball grows in deciduous and coniferous forests, along roads, along edges, on clay and loamy soil in August – September.
Usage: Ordinary pseudo-raincoat – Not useful, but only in large doses. If you mix 2-3 slices with other mushrooms – harmless. It is sometimes added to food because it tastes and smells like truffles.
Video about mushroom Common pseudo-raincoat:
Photo of the mushroom Common pseudo-raincoat from the questions in recognition:
2017.11.15 Daria 2019.02.16 Vitalij