Amanita is edible: photo and description

Amanita is edible: photo and descriptionPeople who believe that fly agarics can be extremely poisonous are mistaken. There are several types of edible fly agaric mushrooms that can be eaten after careful pre-processing. The taste of these gifts of the forest is controversial, therefore edible fly agarics are classified as conditionally edible mushrooms.

We bring to your attention a photo of edible fly agarics: gray-pink (blushing, pink), orange, saffron and ovoid, a description of these mushrooms and information on their use for food.

Edible fly agaric gray-pink (blushing, pink) and its photo

Category: conditionally edible.

Other names: pink fly agaric, blushing fly agaric.

The cap of the edible gray-pink fly agaric (Amanita rubescens) (diameter 7-22 cm) is usually pinkish, red or brown, in a young mushroom in the form of an egg without the tubercle characteristic of many fly agaric, it becomes slightly convex over time.

Amanita is edible: photo and descriptionAmanita is edible: photo and description

As you can see in the photo of the gray-pink fly agaric, in adult mushrooms, the cap is practically open, sticky to the touch.

Stem (height 4-12 cm): white or reddish, often with small tubercles. The young mushroom is solid, the old one is completely hollow. Cylindrical with a slight thickening at the base.

Plates: white, loose and wide. When pressed, they turn red.

The flesh of the pink edible fly agaric is very fleshy, white. At the site of the fracture, it becomes covered with red wormholes, and with prolonged interaction with air, it becomes a rich wine color. Has no pronounced taste and aroma.

The twins of the black fly agaric: panther (Amanita pantherina) and thick (Amanita spissa). Panther is extremely poisonous, its flesh does not change color when damaged, there is a ring close to the base. The greyish flesh of a thick fly agaric also does not change color, moreover, this mushroom has an unpleasant putrefactive smell.

When it grows: from mid-July to late autumn in temperate northern hemisphere countries.

Where can you find it: in forests of any type and on any soil. Most often – next to birches and pines.

Eating: although it belongs to conditionally edible mushrooms, many mushroom pickers love the gray-pink fly agaric, because it appears very early in the forests. During cooking, preliminary heat treatment is required, after which the broth is necessarily drained. In Europe, this mushroom is used salted and is highly prized.

Application in traditional medicine (data not confirmed and not clinically tested!): Considered effective in the fight against diabetes and tuberculosis.

Important! In no case should the gray-pink fly agaric be eaten raw, as it contains a small amount of toxic substances that are not resistant to high temperatures.

Amanita mushroom saffron

Category: conditionally edible.

Amanita is edible: photo and descriptionAmanita is edible: photo and description

The cap of the saffron mushroom (Amanita crocea) (diameter 4-14 cm) is shiny, orange or yellow-brown, has the shape of a bell, which changes over time to a more open one. Smooth to the touch, mucous in wet weather. The finely grooved edges are often much paler than the very fleshy center with a prominent tubercle.

Leg (height 8-22 cm): hollow, brittle, white or light brown, cylindrical and tapering from bottom to top. Maybe with small scales.

Plates: loose and frequent, white-gray or cream color.

Flesh: soft and thin, white, yellowish in old mushrooms. It breaks easily. Has no pronounced smell and taste.

Doubles: none.

When it grows: from mid-July to late September in the temperate zone of the Eurasian continent and North America.

Amanita is edible: photo and descriptionAmanita is edible: photo and description

Where can you find it: on fertile soils next to birches and oaks.

Eating: although it is a conditionally edible mushroom, it can be eaten in any form except raw.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Important! Raw saffron fly agaric can cause mild poisoning, so boil it before you taste it.

Edible fly agaric ovoid

Category: edible.

Amanita is edible: photo and descriptionAmanita is edible: photo and description

The cap of the egg-shaped fly agaric (Amanita ovoidea) (diameter 5-22 cm) is whitish or dirty gray, often with remnants of the bedspread. In young mushrooms, it is covered with small whitish flakes and has the shape of a small chicken egg, with time it straightens and becomes almost flat. The edges are straight. Dry to the touch.

Leg (height 7-15 cm): usually the same color as the cap, dense, with a mealy bloom. Expands noticeably at the base.

Plates: loose, pubescent, creamy.

Flesh: firm, white.

Twins: close fly agaric (Amanita proxima), spring (Amanita verna) and smelly (Amanita virosa). But the poisonous close and spring have a ring on the leg, and the stinky fly agaric has a sticky cap, a pungent smell of chlorine and a ring on the leg of young mushrooms.

When it grows: from early August to mid-October in the Far East and Siberia, in the Mediterranean, Switzerland, Ukraine, Austria, Georgia and Japan.

Amanita is edible: photo and descriptionAmanita is edible: photo and description

Where to find it: on the calcareous soils of coniferous and deciduous forests, mainly in the vicinity of pines, oaks and chestnuts.

Eating: Unlike most fly agarics, ovoid edible, very tasty and can be eaten in any form.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

Important! Since egg-shaped fly agarics have a great external resemblance to their deadly cousins, it is recommended to collect them only in the company of experienced mushroom pickers.

Amanita mushroom orange

Category: conditionally edible.

Amanita is edible: photo and descriptionAmanita is edible: photo and description

The cap of the orange fly agaric (Amanita fulva) (diameter 5-12 cm) is golden-orange or orange-brown, bell-shaped or slightly spread. Smooth to the touch, mucous in wet weather or after rain. In the center there is a small tubercle, edges with grooves.

Stem (height 6-15 cm): hollow and very fragile, of a solid gray color, occasionally with small scales. Tapers from bottom to top.

Plates: loose, cream color.

Flesh: soft and watery, usually white in color, which does not change at the cut. The smell is faint and the taste is very sweet.

Doubles: floats, but they, unlike the orange fly agaric, have a ring on the leg.

Application in traditional medicine: not applicable.

When it grows: from mid-June to early October in many territories of the Eurasian continent (Turkmenistan, China, Sakhalin, Kamchatka, the entire Far Eastern District).

Important! If you want to taste the orange fly agaric, be sure to pre-boil it for at least 1520 minutes. Raw mushroom can cause poisoning.

Where to find it: on acidic soils of mixed or coniferous forests, most often near birches. It can be found in the steppe zone and on swampy soils.

Other names: yellow-brown float, yellow-brown fly agaric, brown float, red-brown float.

Eating: refers to the conditionally edible group and is not particularly popular, since the mushroom has little pulp and is very brittle.

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Hunting, Fishing and Mushrooms: a magazine for hunters and fishers.
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